DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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AC 512  NANOTECHNOLOGY IN CROP PROTECTION                                                (2 L+1P)
(Multi-disciplinary: Agric. Chemicals, Plant pathology, Entomology, Nematology, Microbiology)

Objective
  To enable students to acquire expertise and skill to develop agrochemical formulations with nanoparticles and to acquaint them with nanotechnology.

Thoery

UNIT I
  Introduction: History of  nanotechnology – Origin, fundamental concepts, and molecular perspective, Nanomaterials: formation, stability and quality. Application of nanotechnology in agricultural chemicals, bio-pesticides, carriers, surfactants, formulation auxiliaries plant nutrients and related materials

UNIT II
  Effect of bioactive nano-materials on insect pests and beneficial insects. (2 Lectures, Entomology)

UNIT III
  Different types of nano-compounds and their use in the management of plant disease incited by pathogenic fungi , bacteria and viruses with special reference to copper, sulfur etc, Interaction of bioactive nano- materials on plant pathogens including fungi, bacteria, virus etc (3 lectures, Plant Pathology).

UNIT IV
  Nematodes: Plant pathogenic and entomopathogenic nematodes, life cycle, Efficacy of nano chemicals against nematodes, Biotoxins from Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus. Identification and quantification of biotoxins effective in nano-doses. (3 lectures, Nematology).

UNIT V
  Microbes: Microbes of  agricultural importance. Life cycle: genesis, growth, reproduction, identification and quantification. Nanotechnological application in microbilogy (3 lectures, Microbiology).

UNIT VI
  Nanomaterials: size, characterization, formation and stability. Tools for identification and quantitation: Particle size analyzers, nanosizers, scanning microscopes of  different types. Development of nano-materials: Bottom-up and top-down approach: Chemical synthesis, sol-gel and emulsion polymerization techniques, wet milling, nano-milling. Stabilization of nanoparticles. Regulations and quality control.

Practicals
  Identifications, and quantification of agricultural chemicals in conventional and nano formulations, Size determination, Quality of  nano-formulations: Cold test, emulsion stability test, and suspensibility tests.

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