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AE 556 IRRIGATION ENGINEERING FUNDAMENTALS                                                                     (2L + 1P) I

Objective
To understand the basics and development of irrigation for design of systems in different soil-crop and climatic conditions for efficient use of water.

UNIT  I
Water resources and status, irrigation water availability; irrigation statistics and development, concepts of irrigation; irrigation principles.

UNIT II
Evapotranspiration fundamentals and measurements, estimation of water requirement in different methods of irrigation, water budgeting, principles of irrigation scheduling and water application in relation to soil-plant and climatic parameters, soil water measurements, water infiltration.

UNIT III
Design and installation of different irrigation structures; irrigation pumps, design of systems for direct pumping from flowing streams, small reservoirs, wells and tube wells, linking of reservoir with pressurized irrigation system.

UNIT IV
Canal network, planning and design of water course network; hydraulic design of the canal delivery system; lining of canal, irrigation water demand; design of canal capacities and distribution systems; pressurized irrigation in canal command, concept of equity in water distribution

UNIT V
Irrigation hydraulics, water advance and recession, water use efficiency and irrigation efficiencies; farmers’ participation in irrigation water management, durface irrigation operation & evaluation, underground water conveyance systems, water law & water rights.

Practicals
Water distribution network, irrigation structures, lining of canals, soil water content measurement, surface irrigation evaluation, evaluation of drip system, evaluation of sprinkler system.

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