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AG 507 AGRONOMY OF PULSES AND OILSEED CROPS                                                                                 (3L+1P) II

Objective
  To teach the crop husbandry of major pulses and oilseed crops

Theory

UNIT I
  Role of pulse and oilseed crops in Indian agriculture. Causes of low yields of pulse and oilseed crops, and strategies for improving productivity. Biofertilizers in pulses and leguminous oilseeds. Significance of BNF, mechanisms of residual effects, nutrient cycling and physical properties of soil.

UNIT II
  Origin, history, production trends, adaptability, classification, varietal improvement, climate and soil requirements, cultural, nutritional, weed and water management, quality components for maximum production of kharif pulses - pigeonpea, greengram, blackgram, cowpea, mothbean, field bean, horsegram and rice bean.

UNIT III
  Origin, history, production trends, adaptability, classification, varietal improvement, climate and soil requirements, cultural, nutritional, weed and water management, quality components for maximum production of rabi pulses – chickpea, lentil, peas, frenchbean, and grass pea.

UNIT IV
  Origin, history, production trends, adaptability, classification, varietal improvement, climate and soil requirements, cultural, nutritional, weed and water management, quality components for maximum production of kharif oilseeds - soybean, groundnut, sesamum, niger and castor.

UNIT V
  Origin, history, production trends, adaptability, classification, varietal improvement, climate and soil requirements, cultural, nutritional, weed and water management, quality components for maximum production of rabi oilseeds – rape seed and mustard, sunflower, safflower, and linseed.

UNIT VI
  Pulses and oilseeds in non-traditional areas and seasons. Physiological limitations for higher productivity in grain legumes; yield stability in pulses and oilseed crops. Non-monetary agro- techniques for augmenting productivity of pulses and oilseed crops.

Practicals
  Sowing methods vis-à-vis germination pattern in pulses and oilseeds. Seed inoculation with Rhizobium and phosphate solubilizing bacteria. Cultural operations for higher productivity of pulses and oilseeds. Yield attributes of pulses and oilseeds, and estimation of yield. Estimation of biological nitrogen fixation by legume crops. Determination of oil content in oilseeds, and computation of oil yield. Determination of protein content in pulses and computation of protein yield. Working out growth and intercropping indices. Estimation of quality parameters in pulses and oilseeds. Identification of major weeds, insect-pests and diseases of pulses and oilseed crops. Visit to oilseed and pulse processing industry, research and development institution.

Suggested Readings