DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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AG 508 AGRONOMY OF COMMERCIAL CROPS                                                                                (3L+1P) II

Objective
  To teach production techniques of commercial crops, and some knowledge of medicinal, aromatic and spice crops

Theory

UNIT I
  Importance, origin, history, adaptability, production, distribution, constraints, growth and development, varietal improvement, water and nutrient requirements, weed management, cropping systems, produce quality and value addition in respect of cotton, jute and sugarcane crops.

UNIT II
  Importance, origin, history, adaptability, production, distribution, constraints, growth and development, varietal improvement, water and nutrient requirements, weed management, cropping systems, produce quality and value addition in respect of potato, chilli and tobacco crops.

UNIT III
  Importance of medicinal and aromatic plants in human health and national economy, classification according to botanical characteristics and uses, adaptability, climate, seed, water and nutrient requirements, cultural practices, plant protection, yield and important constituents, produce quality, processing and value addition in respect of mentha, lemon grass, aloe vera, celery etc.

UNIT IV
  Importance, origin, history, adaptability, production trend, distribution, plant growth and development, varietal improvement, soil, water and nutrient requirements, weed management and crop protection, factors affecting produce quality, processing and value addition in respect of tea and coffee.

Practicals
  Seed / seedling treatment in different crops. Delinting in cotton and visit to cotton gin. Estimation of seed rate in cotton and jute based on different parameters. Estimation of crop yield on the basis of yield attributes. Quality characteristics in medicinal and aromatic plants. Working out cost of cultivation of different crops. Raising of herbarium of medicinal, aromatic and under-utilized plants. Visit to the processing plant (medicinal and aromatic, sugarcane, potato etc.). Preparation of project report for commercial cultivation of crops. Field visits to acquaint the students about the plant growth and important cultural practices in the crops under study.

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