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AG 603 FARMING SYSTEMS                                                                               (3L+1P) I

Objective
  To appraise about cropping and farming systems, types of integrated farming systems under different agro-ecosystems, farming systems research and optimization methodologies.

Theory

UNIT I
  Cropping systems – definition, indices, production potential, resource management in cropping systems, production potential under monoculture, multiple cropping, alley cropping, intercropping, mutli-storeyed cropping. Yield advantages in intercropping systems.

UNIT II
  Farming systems - definition and importance; classification of farming systems, characteristics, objectives and principles. Concept of sustainability in farming systems; efficient farming systems; natural resources - identification and management.

UNIT III
  Production potential of different components of farming systems. Cropping systems as an important component of farming systems, remunerative cropping systems, crop diversification.

UNIT IV
  Integrated farming systems for different agro-ecosystems, interactions and resource recycling among different enterprises.

UNIT V
  Farming system research methodologies: on-farm research, on-station research and system modeling. Preparation of different farming system models; evaluation of different farming systems. case studies on different farming systems.

UNIT VI
  Multi-criteria decision making and optimization methodologies for designing integrated farming systems.

Practicals
  Indices for assessing cropping system efficiency. Measurement of competition effects in intercropping systems. Farming system analysis: Participatory Rural Appraisal, Rapid Rural Appraisal, diagnostic survey. Farming system analysis: Interaction with farmers, problem identification, prioritization and development projects/interventions for solutions to the identified problems. Use of optimization software for developing models, formation of matrix and drawing of different scenarios. Handling single objective LP model, Handling multi-objective LP model and analysis of data for risk analysis, resource allocation and enterprise selection decisions. Visit to apiary, vermicompost, mushroom production and biogas production unit, integrated farming systems.

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