DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

Close

AG 604 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF ORGANIC FARMING                                                                              (2L+1P) II

Objective
  To teach the principles and practices of organic farming for sustainable crop production

Theory

UNIT I
  Definition, concepts, history and importance of organic farming; organic production scenario in the world, relevance and scope in India, principles, myths and constraints. Limitations of organic farming.

UNIT II
  Relevance of organic farming with reference to international trade, climate change, carbon trading and carbon sequestration, and human health. Biodynamic farming.

UNIT III
  Package of practices for organic crop production – farm designing, crop planning, site selection, conversion period, selection of  seed / seedlings, availability and use of  organic inputs, viz. vermicompost, biofertilizers, compost, green manures for crop nutrition, water and weed management, crop protection, harvesting and post-harvesting processing / care.

UNIT IV
  Production technology and availability of different organic inputs, viz. vermicompost, biofertilizers, improved compost, green manure, bio-pesticides and plant products, crop-specific package of practices for organic production of different food, vegetable and flower crops.

UNIT V
  Changes in physical, microbiological and chemical properties of soil. Evaluation of soil and produce quality.

UNIT VI
  Certification of organic produce and process, certification agencies, group certification, marketing, success stories, potential organic production areas/ crops of India.

Practicals
  Technique of biofertilizers application and their response in crops. Technique of biopesticide and pheromones application and their response in crops. Quality standards, inspection, certification and labeling and accreditation procedures for farm produce from organic farms. Techniques of growing green manure crops. Visit to National Centre for Organic Farming (NCOF). Visit to blue- green algae centre of IARI, vermicompost and biofertilizers production unit. Visit to biopesticide production units, Centre for Protected Crop Production, organic crop production farm.

Suggested Readings