DESCRIPTION OF COURSES
AG 604 PRINCIPLES AND PRACTICES OF ORGANIC FARMING (2L+1P) II
To teach the principles and practices of organic farming for sustainable crop production
Definition, concepts, history and importance of organic farming; organic production scenario in the world, relevance and scope in India, principles, myths and constraints. Limitations of organic farming.
Relevance of organic farming with reference to international trade, climate change, carbon trading and carbon sequestration, and human health. Biodynamic farming.
Package of practices for organic crop production – farm designing, crop planning, site selection, conversion period, selection of seed / seedlings, availability and use of organic inputs, viz. vermicompost, biofertilizers, compost, green manures for crop nutrition, water and weed management, crop protection, harvesting and post-harvesting processing / care.
Production technology and availability of different organic inputs, viz. vermicompost, biofertilizers, improved compost, green manure, bio-pesticides and plant products, crop-specific package of practices for organic production of different food, vegetable and flower crops.
Changes in physical, microbiological and chemical properties of soil. Evaluation of soil and produce quality.
Certification of organic produce and process, certification agencies, group certification, marketing, success stories, potential organic production areas/ crops of India.
Technique of biofertilizers application and their response in crops. Technique of biopesticide and pheromones application and their response in crops. Quality standards, inspection, certification and labeling and accreditation procedures for farm produce from organic farms. Techniques of growing green manure crops. Visit to National Centre for Organic Farming (NCOF). Visit to blue- green algae centre of IARI, vermicompost and biofertilizers production unit. Visit to biopesticide production units, Centre for Protected Crop Production, organic crop production farm.