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AG EXT 559 METHODS OF SOCIAL RESEARCH                                                                                 (3L+1P) II

Objective
  The major objective of the course is to promote objectivity and empiricism in conducting research and to develop the competencies in learners about various research methods and designs. The course will enrich the knowledge and skills in formulation of research problems and hypotheses, development of projects, application of SPSS package for computation, research report preparation and evaluation.

Theory

UNIT I
  Science and scientific approach, meaning, importance, Characteristics of social research, Problems of objectivity, Science and values, Theory and facts –Different types of social research, Historical, Descriptive, experimental, Review of literature – Need, Search Procedure, Sources of literature, Planning the review work, Elements of Scientific methods:-Selection and formulation of problem, Objectives – Meaning, types and criteria for judging the objectives. Concept- meaning and its role. Hypothesis: Nature, type and its testing. Types of  variables-constitutive operational definitions of constructs and variables.

UNIT II
  Measurement: General theory of measurement-postulates of measurement, levels of measurement, Reliability: types of  reliability, methods of  testing reliability - Importance of reliability: Validity: Types of validity-a variance definition of validity-the variance relation of validity and -the variance relation of validity and reliability, factors influencing validity. Methods of  observation and data collection:- Interviews and Interview schedules, Questionnaires – Meaning, difference between schedule and questionnaire, types of questions to be used, pre – testing of the questionnaires or schedules and advantages and limitations. Projective methods- Content analysis- Observation- Meaning, types, tips in observation, advantages and limitations in its use. Case studies – Meaning, types, steps in conducting, advantages and limitations in its use. Social survey – Meaning, objectives, types and steps in conducting, advantages and limitations. Rating scales – Meaning, types, limits in construction, advantages and limitations in its use, Sociometry, The semantic differential, Use of documents records-and indices.

UNIT III
  Design of social research: Meaning, purpose and principles (MAXMINCON) of research design; experimental and Ex-post-facto approaches, Faulty designs, criteria of research design. General designs of research: Different types of basic, experimental designs- Variants of basic experimental designs- Simple randomized subject design- Factorial design. Types of research: Ex-post facto research, Action research methodology- Participatory research. Recent advances in social research methodology, theory building.

UNIT IV
  Sample and procedure of sampling, Advances in collection of data, Principles of analysis and interpretation, Use of computers in social science research; Data treatment by computer and use of SPSS for analysis of data, interpretation, Preparation of Research Report- style manuals- format of research report- the thesis or dissertation

Practicals
  Formulation and statement of research problem, operationalisation of concepts. Development and testing of data collection instrument, Testing the reliability and validity of the instruments. techniques of interviewing, Hands on experience in data analysis with SPSS, tabulation, analysis, interpretation and report writing and presentation, Critical evaluation of research papers & thesis and their presentation.

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