AG EXT 601 ADVANCES IN AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION                                                                                 (3L+1P) I

  To help the students to critically analyse different approaches in models of agricultural extension i8ncluding the application of agricultural knowledge and information system in improving extension practices. To gain knowledge and insight into the recent developments in extension such as cyber extension, alternative of financing extension, private/public partnership and privatization of extension, implications of WTO for extension services. To make a service of different contemporary of issues in extension related to rural poverty, environmental protection, diversity, biotechnology and GM crops.


  Approaches of agricultural extension: critical analysis of different approaches of agricultural extension, Extension programmes of corporate sector, the concept importance and implications of livelihood extension. Technology base of agricultural extension : Importance and relevance of indigenous knowledge system, identification and documentation of ITK, integration of ITK system with formation research.

  Cyber Extension - concept, national and international cases of extension projects using ICT and their impact of agricultural extension, Alternative methods of financing agricultural extension - scope, limitations, experience and cases. Research - Extension -Farmer - Market linkage: importance, scope, implications etc., Farmer - led extension. Farm Field School, Public - Private Partnership: meaning, models, identification of various areas for partnership, a critical analysis of extension pluralism, Stakeholder’s analysis in extension. Mainstreaming gender in Extension
     - issues and prospects; Economics of agricultural extension: National investments in agricultural extension, impacts of agricultural extension, privatization of agricultural extension – scope,

  Implications of WTO - AOA for extension services, re-orientation of extension services for agri- business and marketing activities limitations and experiences and cases; Implications of WTO - AOA for extension services, Intellectual Property Rights (IPRs) and implications for extension, re-orientation of  extension services for agri-business and marketing activities, GOI-NGO collaboration to improve efficiency of extension.

  Agricultural Knowledge and Information System (AKIS), concept, targeting of AKIS, Significance of theories of social learning for extension practice.

  Extension and contemporary issues: rural poverty, environmental protection of farm and home, bio-diversity, sustainable development, food and nutritional security, recent advances in biotechnology and GM crops, adoption and diffusion of Bt cotton. Extension Reforms in India
     - Decentralized decision making, Bottom up planning, Farming system and situation based extension delivery system, Extension delivery through Commodity Interest Groups.

  Analysis of ITK system, cases on integration of ITK and formal research system, Recent extension reforms in India – an analysis of  growth and development of ATMAs, Extension delivery through community based organisations, Organization innovations in Extension, a critical analysis of village knowledge and resource centres, kisan call centres and ICAR extension system- KVKs, ATIC, IVLP etc.

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