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AGR 005 MAJOR PESTS OF CROPS AND THEIR MANAGEMENT                                                     (1L+2P) I

Objective
  To impart basic knowledge of insect pest and related problems to the non-agricultural graduates so that they can understand the whole gamete of agriculture for effective research programmes.

Theory

UNIT I
  Introduction to Entomology: Position of insects in animal kingdom and brief history of Entomology in India; non-insect pests and pollinators.

UNIT II
  Insect Pests of important crops and their management: Cereals:
    Paddy, barley, wheat, sorghum, and maize.
    Pulses: Pigeon pea, chickpea, mung bean, cowpea, and lentil.
    Oil seeds: Mustard, groundnut, castor, and jatropha.
    Vegetables: Cole crops, okra, cucurbits, potato, garden peas, and spinach.
    Fruits: Mango, guava, banana, citrus, ber, and aonla. Cotton. Sugarcane.

UNIT III
  Pests of storage and their management: Beetle insects, moth insects, mites, fungi, birds, and rodents.

UNIT IV
  Pesticide application appliances and their safe handling: Sprayers, dusters and miscellaneous equipments.

Practicals
  Study of grasshoppers, study of garden slug and its stages, study of Termitarium, termite soldier and workers, distinguishing characters between insect and mite, study of damage symptoms caused by common grasshoppers and birds, study of rodent burrows and identification of live burrows, preparation of rat baits and its application in the live burrows. Study of pesticide labels for toxicity and safe handling, pesticide application equipments - sprayer, duster etc. Study of soil inhabiting pests (cutworms, white grubs, black ants, and nematodes). Study of insect trap, light trap, sticky trap, pheromone trap, and rat trap. Collection and study of insects from pulses, paddy, cotton, vegetables, cereals, oil seeds, fruits, and storage. Calculation of pesticide doses and preparation of stock solution. Study of useful insects (parasites, predators, and pollinators).

Suggested Readings