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AP 500 BASIC CONCEPTS OF PHYSICS-I                                                                                 (4L+1P) I

Objective
  To impart knowledge on the concepts of physics and physics laws.

Theory

UNIT I
  Linear, circular, relative motions, conservation of mass, energy and momentum, forces in nature, range of their operation, action at a distance, gravitational field, potential.

UNIT II
  Elasticity, stress-strain relations – moduli of elasticity, Hooke’s law, molecular and structural basis of  strengths of  materials, hydrostatic pressure; surface tension, capillary rise, contact angle, hydrodynamics – laminar and streamline flow, Poiseuille’s equation, Stoke’s law.

UNIT III
  Thermometry, measurement of heat, specific heat, transfer of heat - conduction, convection and radiation, Change of phase, equation of state, vapour pressure and relative humidity, laws of thermodynamics, free energy, chemical potential.

UNIT IV
  Kinetic theory of gases, Brownian motion, mean free path, simple harmonic motion, concepts of phase, phase difference, interference and reflection of sound waves, ultrasonic, applications.

UNIT V
  Wave theory of light, Huygen’s principle, reflection, refraction, diffraction, polarization, interference and scattering of light waves; electromagnetic theory of light, geometrical optics, aberrations, resolving power, principles of optical instruments, illuminated and luminous objects and light sources; luminescence, incandescence, fluorescence, auto-fluorescence, phosphorescence, bio- luminescence, qualitative and quantitative measurement of light, colour, optical spectrometry.

UNIT VI
  Electric charges, potential, field, intensity and strength of electric field, current, Coulomb’s law, dielectrics, capacitance, electrostatic units, resistance, resistivity, Ohm’s law, steady currents in conductors, insulators and semi conductors, magnetic materials, induced magnetism, electromagnetism, measurement of magnetic field, geomagnetism, effects of the earth’s magnetic field on life, electromagnetic inductions and applications, electromagnetic units.

Practicals
  Use of the instruments :Vernier/Screw Gauge/Spherometer, Sextant, Surface Tension, Viscosity, Interference Phenomenon, Optical Instruments (diffraction grating), Resistivity measurement (Potentiometer/Wheatstone bridge), Young’s Modulus

Suggested Readings