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ES 501 ANALYSIS OF AGROECOSYSTEM                                                                                 (3L+0P) I

Objective
To disseminate the knowledge about the concepts related to agro-ecosystems and their role in agriculture.

Theory

UNIT I
Agro-ecosystems; ecological and social attributes; interactions among chemical, physical, biological and socio-economic components of ago-ecosystems

UNIT II
Trophic systems in agriculture; nutrients cycling, carrying capacity, community concepts, competition, biodiversity and complexity

UNIT III
Characteristics, structure and functions of agro-environmental resources (soil, water, climatic factors, living organisms, farm chemicals, rural infrastructure); energy movements; interactions between biotic and abiotic components; properties of various agro-ecosystems; biogeochemical cycles

UNIT IV
Integrated management of  agro-ecosystems and their adaptation strategies for sustainable production; sustainable agriculture and its significance; agro-ecological analysis of various agro- ecosystems - productivity, stability, profitability, autonomy and sustainability aspects

UNIT V
Impact assessment of  environmental changes on agro-ecosystems; options for sustainable development; ecological assessment of traditional and modern agriculture

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