DESCRIPTION OF COURSES
ES 510/AE 510 SOIL AND WATER CONSERVATION ENGINEERING (3L+0P) I
To acquaint and equip with the process of soil and water conservation design of erosion control structures.
Concepts of soil and water conservation; relevance of soil and water conservation in agriculture; productivity loss due to soil erosion; moisture stress and moisture excess.
Types of soil erosion; mechanics of water erosion of soil; effect of land preparation and cultivation practices on soil erosion; theories of sediment yield and sediment transport; bed load movement; measurement of sediment yield and sediment transport; effective life of dams and water detention structures; effect of soil erosion on the life of multi-purpose river valley projects; soil erosion loss and fertility; erosion in water conveyance systems;
design of channel for erosion control; maximum permissible velocity; hill soil erosion; land slides; mechanics of wind erosion; types of wind erosion and soil movement; wind erosion control measures.
Analysis of hydrologic data including rainfall, evapotranspiration; watershed characteristics; overland flow; methods of estimation of runoff; peak rate and time distribution of hydrograph; synthetic hydrograph; infiltration process;
Hydrologic evaluation of land treatment; flood routing. Erosion control; design of soil conservation structures; farm ponds and temporary storage reservoirs, drop structures; chute spill ways; temporary storage reservoirs; small earth dams;
Afforestation and associated agronomic practices; the role of river valley projects; soil conservation department, CADA etc. in undertaking soil and water conservation work.