DESCRIPTION OF COURSES
ES 601 BIODIVERSITY (2L+0P) I
To impart knowledge and awareness about the evolution mechanism, strength, status, environmental significance, utilization and conservation of biological diversity
Biodiversity- an overview; level and scale of biodiversity – genetic, species and ecosystem diversity, alpha, beta and gamma diversity; origin of life, organic evolution; genesis of biodiversity; biodiversity changes in space and time; speciation and isolation mechanism.
Biogeography- horizontal and vertical distribution of plants, monophylatic and polyphylatic origin of plant species, global and national phytogeographical regions, botanical provinces, dispersal and migration of plants; major centres of origin and domestication of crop plants; exploration and collection of genetic resources; introduction, characterization and utilization of crop genetic resources; status and strength of floristic diversity; hot spots of biodiversity.
Plant nomenclature and classification; major and minor unit of plant classification; binomial and trinomial theory of plant classification; taxonomy of monocotyledons and dicotyledons.
Genetic erosion and loss of biodiversity – causes and criteria of genetic erosion, levels of genetic erosion; global climate change and loss of biodiversity; biodiversity, bio-productivity and sustainability; biodiversity and life security - food, health, environment and job security
Microbial diversity; species, genetic and molecular diversity indices; diversity and stability of microbial communities; animal diversity; biodiversity and biotechnology; use of microbial biodiversity in environmental pollution control – bioremediation
Biodiversity conservation- in-situ and ex-situ conservation; biodiversity convention and its law and policy; inter national Inst.and Agencies working on CBD; cultural, religious, social and environmental aspects of biodiversity.