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ES 603 WASTE MANAGEMENT                                                                                 (2L+1P) II

Objective
To develop the awareness about the various types of wastes, their disposal and management

Theory

UNIT I
Waste generation; types - collection and factors affecting rate of waste generation; sources of wastes and their classification; landfills and waste dumpsites; solid wastes - domestic, municipal and hazardous; collection and disposal methods; waste management problems- recovery vs disposal

UNIT II
Physical, chemical and biological properties of wastes; hospital and radioactive wastes and their management; incineration and pyrolysis; chemical and biological treatments of wastes

UNIT III
General overview of industrial wastes; impact of wastes on environment - air, water and soil; wastewater collection; sewage and sludge treatment processes and other technologies

UNIT IV
Theory of anaerobic of digestion of organic wastes for fuel and manure; composting and vermi composting techniques; solid and liquid waste utilization in agriculture; application of wastes in arable lands and their value added products with reference to N,P, K, organic C and other micronutrients and heavy metals; compost application in agriculture

UNIT V
Legislation and regulatory requirements- Case studies in India and Abroad

Practicals
Determination of total solids, volatile solids and ash content; Determination of total microbial count; Determination of coliform count for pathogenic bacteria; Determination of total bacteria leachable and adsorbed on soil samples of the waste dumping site; Determination of particle size and bulk density of the waste sample; Determination of  biofuel potential of  waste sample; Determination of calorific value of the waste sample; Analysis of methane and carbon dioxide in a gaseous sample; Demonstration of experiment on composting and vermi composting; Visit to a waste management system in Delhi

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