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ES 606/SSAC 606 SOIL AND WATER POLLUTION                                                                                 (2L+1P) II

Objective
To teach the students on extent, causes and mitigation of soil and water pollution on global scale and in India

Theory

UNIT I
Soil and water resources of India; Introduction to soil and water pollution; major soil and water problems; status of pollution in India

UNIT II
Sources and cause of soil pollution; types of soil pollution; major soil problems-erosion, salinity, sodicity, pesticide and heavy metal pollution

UNIT III
Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water; sources and cause of water pollution; point source and non point source pollution; types of pollution in subsurface and surface water; land fill sites and ground water pollution; nitrate, arsenic and fluoride pollution and their control measures.

UNIT IV
Microbial pollution in water, their sources and common water born diseases; Transmission and control of water borne diseases

UNIT V
Impact of modern trends of agriculture on pollution; effect of soil and water pollution on agriculture and soil health; characteristics of domestic, municipal and industrial effluents; merits and demerits of their utilization in agriculture

UNIT VI
Physical, chemical and biological remediation of soil and water pollution; wastewater treatment; integrated nutrient management;

UNIT VII
Laws and legislation for soil and water pollution, permissible limits of pollutants in soil and water

Practicals
Introduction to limnological studies, Determination of nitrate and phosphate in soil and waters; Determination of EC, pH ,alkalinity, free CO2; Estimation of residual chlorine in water, fluoride in water; Determination of calcium, magnesium and hardness of water, dissolved oxygen in water; Determination of minor metallic elements in soil and water; Measurement of Coliform, MPN, B.O.D./COD in natural and waste waters

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