DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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GP 522 BREEDING FIELD CROPS-II                                                                                 (2L+1P) II

Objectives

To provide insight into recent advances in improvement of cereals, Pulses, Oilseeds and forage crops grown during Rabi Season using conventional and modern biotechnological approaches

Theory

UNIT I CEREALS
Wheat: evolution and distribution of species and forms - wild relatives and germplasm – cytogenetics and genome relationship - breeding objectives: yield, quality characters, biotic and abiotic stress resistance, exploitation of heterosis etc Breeding approaches-conventional and non conventional including MAS, emerging challenges at national and international level.
Barley: evolution and distribution of species and forms - wild relatives and germplasm – cytogenetics breeding objectives: yield, quality characters, biotic and abiotic stress resistance, Breeding approache –conventional and non conventional including MAS, Breeding for malt barley; emerging challenges at national and international level.

UNIT II PULSES
Chickpea: Evolution and distribution of species and forms - wild relatives and germplasm - cytogenetics and genome relationship, breeding objectives: yield, quality characters, biotic and abiotic stress etc. Protein quality improvement – conventional and modern plant breeding approaches conventional and non conventional including MAS, progress made - Breeding for anti nutritional factors; emerging challenges at national and international level.
Lentil: evolution, cytogenetics and genome relationship, - breeding objectives: yield, quality characters, biotic and abiotic stress etc, Breeding approaches-conventional and non conventional including MAS, - interspecific crosses –problems, prospects and implications, emerging challenges at national and international level.
Fieldpea evolution, cytogenetics and genome relationship, - breeding objectives: yield, quality characters, biotic and abiotic stress, Breeding approaches-conventional and non conventional including MAS, - interspecific crosses problems, prospects and implications,emerging challenges at national and international level.
Rajmash: evolution, cytogenetics and genome relationship, - breeding objectives: yield, quality characters, biotic and abiotic stress etc, Breeding approaches-conventional and non conventional including MAS, - interspecific crosses problems, prospects and implications,emerging challenges at national and international level.

UNIT III OILSEEDS
Rapeseed and Mustard: evolution and distribution of species and forms wild relatives and germplasm - genetics - cytogenetics and genome relationship; breeding objectives, utilization of wild relatives for yield and quality improvement, biotic and abiotic stress etc. Breeding approaches conventional and non conventional including MAS, emerging challenges at national and international level.Utilisation of wild relatives for yield and quality improvement.

UNIT VI
Distinguishing features of popular released varieties in - Wheat, barley, lentil, chickpea, fieldpea, rajmash, mustard and toria and their application to DUS testing - Maintenance of seed purity - Nucleus and Breeder Seed Production; Maintenance Breeding and All India Co-ordinated system of testing and release of crop varieties and hybrids.

Practicals
Floral biology – emasculation and pollination techniques; Study of range of variation for yield and yield components - Trait based screening for stress resistance in crops of importance– Use of descriptors for cataloguing Germplasm maintenanceUsing Standard Evaluation System (SES) and descriptors, Field and lab visit of the concerned crops