DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

Close

GP 640 ADVANCES IN PLANT BREEDING                                                                                 (3L+0P) III

Objective
To impart knowledge on advancement in plant breeding methodology, approaches and their implications in crop improvement.

Theory

UNIT I
Introduction, course outline, overview & Perspectives; Different approaches to crop breeding including improvement for quality and resistance attributes: concepts and new developments; Marker assisted selection-Approaches, applications and outcomes, for realizing specific objectives; Variations at genomic level, analysis and implications- from plant breeding point of view.; Stability- Concept and applications;

UNIT II
Current developments in breeding and improvement of important cereals (wheat, Rice) and oil seed crops (Brassica & Sunflower); pulses.

UNIT III
Crop domestication, adaptation and selection: an update; Classical experiments in crops – long term selection,its consequences and utility; Comparison and contrasts between crop domestication, classical breeding and molecular breeding; Hybrid technology in plant breeding: Concept development, utilization & consequences;

UNIT IV
Associations mapping & in silico mapping: application and implications in plant breedingGene introduction and selection –Natural and induced; utilization in plant breeding; Mutational variation and long term selection response;

UNIT V
Approaches and effectiveness of  breeding for drought tolerance, in different crops; Current developments in improvement of pulses; Hybrid technology in Sunflower, brassica.

UNIT VI
Implication of plant variety protection on plant breeding – past experience from other countries; Implication of PVP&FR on crop improvement efforts in India; gearing up for change and meeting specific requirements and obligations; EDV vs IDV – Approaches of  development and differentiation;Issues and impact of current & prospective approaches- (i) Participatory plant breeding (ii) Organic farming (iii)Processing, post harvest requirements & value addition

Selected Readings