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NEMA 501 GENERAL NEMATOLOGY                                                                                 (2L+2P) I

Objective
  To project the importance of nematodes in agriculture and impart basic knowledge on broad aspects of plant nematology.

Theory

UNIT I
  Characteristics of Phylum Nematoda and its relationship with other related phyla, history and growth of Nematology; nematode habitats and diversity- plant, animal and human parasites; useful nematodes; economic importance of nematodes to agriculture, horticulture and forestry.

UNIT II
  Gross morphology of plant parasitic nematodes; broad classification, nematode biology, physiology and ecology.

UNIT III
  Types of parasitism; nature of damage and general symptomatology; interaction of plant-parasitic nematodes with other organisms.

UNIT IV
  Plant nematode relationships, cellular responses to infection by important phytonematodes; physiological specialization among phytonematodes.

UNIT V
  Principles and practices of nematode management; integrated nematode management.

UNIT VI
  Emerging nematode problems, Importance of nematodes in international trade and quarantine.

Practicals
  Studies on kinds of nematodes- free-living, animal, insect and plant parasites; nematode extraction from soil; extraction of  migrator y endoparasites, staining for sedentar y endoparasites; examination of different life stages of important plant parasitic nematodes, their symptoms and histopathology.

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