DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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NEMA 513/AC 512/PL PATH 512/ENT 512/MB 512 NANO TECHNOLOGY IN CROP PROTECTION                                                                         (2L+1P) II
(Multidisciplinary course to be operated by the Division of Agril.Chemicals)

Objective
  To enable students to acquire expertise and skill to develop agrochemical formulations with nanoparticles and to acquaint them with nanotechnology

Thoery

UNIT I
  Introduction: History of  nanotechnology – Origin, fundamental concepts, and molecular perspective, Nanomaterials: formation, stability and quality. Application of nanotechnology in agricultural chemicals, bio-pesticides, carriers, surfactants, formulation auxiliaries plant nutrients and related materials.

UNIT II
  Effect of bioactive nano-materials on insect pests and beneficial insects.

UNIT III
  Different types of nano-compounds and their use in the management of plant disease incited by pathogenic fungi , bacteria and viruses with special reference to copper, sulfur etc, Interaction of bioactive nano- materials on plant pathogens including fungi, bacteria, virus etc.

UNIT IV
  Nematodes: Plant pathogenic and entomopathogenic nematodes, life cycle, Efficacy of nano chemicals against nematodes, Biotoxins from Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus. Identification and quantification of biotoxins effective in nano-doses.

UNIT V
  Microbes: Microbes of  agricultural importance. Life cycle: genesis, growth, reproduction, identification and quantification. Nanotechnological application in microbiology.

UNIT VI
  Nanomaterials: size, characterization, formation and stability. Tools for identification and quantitation: Particle size analyzers, nanosizers, scanning microscopes of  different types. Development of nano-materials: Bottom-up and top-down approach: Chemical synthesis, sol-gel and emulsion polymerization techniques, wet milling, nano-milling. Stabilization of nanoparticles. Regulations and quality control.

Practicals
  Identifications, and quantification of agricultural chemicals in conventional and nano formulations, Size determination, Quality of  nano-formulations: Cold test, emulsion stability test, and suspensibility tests

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