DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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PGR 500 BIODIVERSITY AND PLANT GENETIC RESOURCES                               (2L+0P) I

Objective
To provide an overview of global biodiversity, agrobiodiversity and agricultural intensification, and an understanding of basic science and management issues related to plant genetic resources including policy.

Theory

UNIT I
Biodiversity-an overview; genetic, species and ecosystem diversity; determinants of biodiversity.

UNIT II
Higher plant diversity, species richness and endemism.

UNIT III
Biodiversity and agricultural intensification: agriculture as friend and foe of biodiversity, harmonizing biodiversity conservation and agricultural development, policy considerations along the interface between biodiversity and agriculture.

UNIT IV
Agro-biodiversity and plant genetic resources; origin and history of agriculture; dynamics of domestication; centers of crop plant origin and diversity; geographical distribution of crops of Indian origin.

UNIT V
An overview of plant genetic resources management (importance and usefulness of germplasm, germplasm conservation, threat of genetic vulnerability, global concerns etc.).

UNIT VI
Managing plant genetic resources: Basic science issues (genetic vulnerability and crop diversity, crop diversity-institutional responses, in situ conservation of genetic resources, the science of collecting genetic resources, the science of managing genetic resources, using genetic resources, biotechnology and germplasm conservation etc.).

UNIT VII
Managing plant genetic resources: policy issues (exchange of genetic resources: quarantine, IPR; genetic resources: assessing economic value; conflicts over ownership, management and use; national and international treaties/legislations: CBD, IT-PGRFA, GPA, PVP&FR Act, Biodiversity Act etc.).

Suggested Readings