DESCRIPTION OF COURSES
PGR 502 GERMPLASM EXCHANGE AND PLANT QUARANTINE (3L+2P) III
To provide information about germplasm exchange and plant quarantine including exchange of genetically modified plants.
History, principles, objectives and importance of plant introduction; Prerequisites, conventions, national and international legislations and policies on germplasm collection and exchange.
Plant quarantine- introduction, history, principles, objectives and relevance; Regulations and plant quarantine set up in India; Pest risk analysis, pest and pathogen information database; Quarantine in relation to integrated pest management; Economic significance of seed-borne pests (insects, mites, non-insect pests, nematodes, fungi, bacteria, viruses, phytoplasma etc.).
Detection and identification of pests including use of recent techniques like ELISA, PCR etc., Symptoms of pest damage, salvaging techniques for infested/infected germplasm, post-entry quarantine operation, seed treatment and other prophylactic treatments and facilities.
Domestic quarantine; seed certification; International linkages in plant quarantine; weaknesses and future thrust.
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) or genetically engineered plants (GEPs), Concepts of biosafety, risk analysis and consequences of spread of GE crops on the environment; Treaties and multilateral agreements governing trans-boundary movement of GEPs or GMOs, Indian regulatory system for biosafety.
Inventory of IQ/ EQ samples; joint inspection for pest detection; history, principles, objectives and relevance of Plant Quarantine; seed –borne pests of quarantine significance; quarantine in relation to integrated pest management; salvaging of infested germplasm; seed treatment and other prophylactic treatments and facilities; domestic quarantine; seed-health certification.