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PGR 502 GERMPLASM EXCHANGE AND PLANT QUARANTINE                                                                  (3L+2P) III

Objective
To provide information about germplasm exchange and plant quarantine including exchange of genetically modified plants.

Theory

UNIT I
History, principles, objectives and importance of plant introduction; Prerequisites, conventions, national and international legislations and policies on germplasm collection and exchange.

UNIT II
Plant quarantine- introduction, history, principles, objectives and relevance; Regulations and plant quarantine set up in India; Pest risk analysis, pest and pathogen information database; Quarantine in relation to integrated pest management; Economic significance of seed-borne pests (insects, mites, non-insect pests, nematodes, fungi, bacteria, viruses, phytoplasma etc.).

UNIT III
Detection and identification of pests including use of recent techniques like ELISA, PCR etc., Symptoms of  pest damage, salvaging techniques for infested/infected germplasm, post-entry quarantine operation, seed treatment and other prophylactic treatments and facilities.

UNIT IV
Domestic quarantine; seed certification; International linkages in plant quarantine; weaknesses and future thrust.

UNIT V
Genetically modified organisms (GMOs) or genetically engineered plants (GEPs), Concepts of biosafety, risk analysis and consequences of spread of GE crops on the environment; Treaties and multilateral agreements governing trans-boundary movement of GEPs or GMOs, Indian regulatory system for biosafety.

Practicals
Inventory of IQ/ EQ samples; joint inspection for pest detection; history, principles, objectives and relevance of Plant Quarantine; seed –borne pests of quarantine significance; quarantine in relation to integrated pest management; salvaging of infested germplasm; seed treatment and other prophylactic treatments and facilities; domestic quarantine; seed-health certification.

Suggested Readings