DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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PGR 509 PLANT BIOSECURITY                                                                               (2L+0P) I

Objective
To educate about protecting the economy, environment and plant health from pests and disease including preventing new pests and diseases from arriving, and helping to control outbreaks when they do occur.

Theory

UNIT I
History of biosecurity, Concept of biosecurity, Components of biosecurity, Quarantine, Invasive Alien Species, Biowarfare, Emerging/ resurgence of pests and diseases.

UNIT II
National Regulatory Mechanism and International Agreements/ Conventions viz. Agreement on Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary (SPS) Measures/ World Trade Organization (WTO), Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD), International Standards for Phytosanitary Measures, pest risk analysis, risk assessment models, pest information system, early warning and forecasting system, use of Global Positioning System (GPS) and Geographic Information System (GIS) for plant biosecurity, pest/ disease and epidemic management, strategies for combating risks and costs associated with agroterrorism event, mitigation planning, integrated approach for biosecurity.

UNIT III
Biosafety, policies and regulatory mechanism, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety and its implications, Issues related to release of genetically modified crops.

Suggested Readings