DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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PGR 606 ECOLOGY AND BIODIVERSITY                                                                               (2L+2P) III

Objective
To educate students about interdisciplinary scientific study of the distributions, abundance and relations of organisms and their interactions with the environment, and the study of ecosystems.

Theory

UNIT I
Origin and diversity of life, adaptations, basic elements of plant ecology, ecological components, population ecology- populations and life history, growth and limits.

UNIT II
Community ecology- species interactions, role of behaviour, interactions and structure.

UNIT III
Ecosystems- concept of ecosystems, ecological balance, vegetation dynamics, productivity and nutrient cycling.

UNIT IV
Conservation ecology, seed ecology, nature conservation and environmental management, ecosystem restoration, biogeography and evolution.

UNIT V
Biodiversity functioning- genetic adaptations, population irruptions/crisis in nature, community change and ecosystem regulation.

UNIT VI
Biodiversity conservation-geographical patterns in biodiversity, habitat fragmentation and conservation areas.

UNIT VII
Biodiversity management and exploitation-biodiversity resources and their harvesting, impact of physical and biotic factors on sustainability- case studies, impact of biotic and cliamatic factors on biomes and biodiversity- pollution and over-exploitation.

Practicals

Suggested Readings