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PGR 607 REGULATORY MECHANISMS AND INTELLECTUAL PROPERTY RIGHTS                                                           (3L+1P) I

Objective
To educate students about concepts and instruments of intellectual property rights, plant breeder’s rights, farmer’s rights, access and benefit sharing, international treaties and national legislation related to plant genetic resources.

Theory

UNIT I
Concept of intellectual property, need for IP protection, Dimensions and nature of IPR, conflicting community interest with private right. Forms of IPR, patents, copyright, trademark, design, trade secret/ confidential information, GI registration. Process of obtaining an IPR, World Intellectual Property Organization, patent cooperation treaty (PCT).

UNIT II
Plant breeder’s rights, protection of plant varieties, UPOV; registration of plant varieties and essentially derived varieties, duration and effect of registration; traditional knowledge systems, farmer’s rights, folklore, code of conduct, access and benefit sharing; compulsory license; plant varieties protection appellate tribunal; finance, accounts and audit; infringement, offenses, penalties and procedure.

UNIT III
International instruments concerning agro-biodiversity, Agenda 21, convention on biological diversity (CBD), FAO and global system of PGR, the international treaty on plant genetic resources for food and agriculture (ITPGR), Global Plan of Action, TRIPS agreement and IPR protection of life forms, geographical appellations.

UNIT IV
Multilateral agreement on trade in goods - relevance to agriculture, agreement on agriculture (AOA); agreement on application of  sanitary and phytosanitary measures (SPS), international plant protection convention, agreement on technical barriers to trade (TBT). Plant quarantine, biosafety related issues.

UNIT V
National legislations related to biodiversity conservation and IPR protection.

Practicals

Suggested readings