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PL PATH 517 MUSHROOM PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY                                                         (2L+1P) II

Objective
Biodiversity in mushroom fungi, edible, poisonous and medicinal mushrooms. Structure and classification of mushrooms and their economic importance. Spawn production technology and cultivation of different types of mushrooms under seasonal and environmentally controlled conditions.

Theory

UNIT I
Historical development of mushroom cultivation and present status, classification, food, medicinal value, uses of mushroom, edible and poisonous mushrooms.

UNIT II
Life cycle of cultivated mushrooms, reproduction and strain improvement, maintenance of pure culture, preparation of spawn and facilities required for establishing commercial spawn lab.

UNIT III
Preparation of substrate for mushroom cultivation, long, short and indoor composting methods, formulae for different composts and their computation, qualities and testing of compost, uses of spent mushroom compost/substrate.

UNIT IV
Facilities for setting up mushroom farm for seasonal and environmentally control cultivation, requirement and maintenance of temperature, relative humidity, CO2, ventilation in cropping rooms, cultivation technology of  Agaricus bisporus, Pleurotus sp., Calocybe indica, Lentinus edodes and Ganoderma lucidum.

UNIT V
Insect pests, diseases and abnormalities of cultivated mushroom and their management, post harvest processing and value addition, economics of mushroom cultivation, biotechnology and mushroom cultivation.

Practicals
Preparation of spawn, compost, spawning, casing, harvesting and post harvest handling of edible mushroom; identification of various pathogens, competitors of various mushroom

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