DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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PL PATH 521/AC 512/ENT 512/NEMA 513/MB 512 NANOTECHNOLOGY IN CROP PROTECTION                                 (2L+1P) II

Objective
To enable students to acquire expertise and skill to develop agrochemical formulations with nanoparticles and acquaint them with nanotechnology

Thoery

UNIT I
Introduction: History of  nanotechnology – Origin, fundamental concepts, and molecular perspective, Nanomaterials: formation, stability and quality. Application of nanotechnology in agricultural chemicals, bio-pesticides, carriers, surfactants, formulation auxiliaries plant nutrients and related materials

UNIT II
Effect of bioactive nano-materials on insect pests and beneficial insects.

UNIT III
Different types of nano compounds and their use in the management of plant disease incited by pathogenic fungi, bacteria and viruses with special reference to copper, sulfur etc, Interaction of bioactive nano- materials on plant pathogens including fungi, bacteria, virus etc

UNIT IV
Nematodes: Plant pathogenic and entomopathogenic nematodes, life cycle, Efficacy of nano chemicals against nematodes, Biotoxins from Xenorhabdus and Photorhabdus Identification and quantification of biotoxins effective in nano-doses.

UNIT V
Microbes: Microbes of agricultural importance. Life cycle: genesis, growth, reproduction, identification and quantification. Nanotechnological application in microbilogy

UNIT VI
Nanomaterials: size, characterization, formation and stability. Tools for identification and quantitation: Particle size analyzers, nanosizers, scanning microscopes of  different types. Development of nano-materials: Bottom-up and top-down approach: Chemical synthesis, sol-gel and emulsion polymerization techniques, wet milling, nano-milling. Stabilization of nanoparticles. Regulations and quality control.

Practicals
Identifications, and quantification of agricultural chemicals in conventional and nano formulations, Size determination,Quality of  nano-formulations: Cold test, emulsion stability test, and suspensibility tests

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