DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

Close

PP 603 PRINCIPLES OF PLANT PHYSIOLOGY-II                                                                                 (3L+0P) II

Objective
  To impart knowledge cell structure and function and physiological aspects of nitrogen metabolism, respiration, lipids, enzymes and secondary metabolites in plants.

Theory

UNIT I
  Cell organelles and their physiological functions, structure and physiological functions of cell wall, cell organelles, i.e. mitochondria, chloroplast, microbodies, vacuole, nucleus, ER; cell membrane structure and function. Protein trafficking and import into organelles.

UNIT II
  Nitrogen fixation, nitrate reduction and ammonia assimilation, amino acids and ureides biosynthesis.

UNIT III
  Fatty acid and lipid biosynthesis and degradation in membranes, plastids and endoplasmic reticulum.

UNIT IV
  Respiration- energetics of  respiration, formation of  ATP and reducing power in the light, photophosphorylation, anabolic and catabolic role of citric acid cycle, respiration of lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and amino acids, physiological function of alternate pathway, dark respiration in green cells, fermentation.

UNIT V
  Enzymes definition and classification, enzyme kinetics. Secondary metabolites-terpenes, phenols and alkaloids.

Suggested Readings