DESCRIPTION OF COURSES
PP 603 PRINCIPLES OF PLANT PHYSIOLOGY-II (3L+0P) II
To impart knowledge cell structure and function and physiological aspects of nitrogen metabolism, respiration, lipids, enzymes and secondary metabolites in plants.
Cell organelles and their physiological functions, structure and physiological functions of cell wall, cell organelles, i.e. mitochondria, chloroplast, microbodies, vacuole, nucleus, ER; cell membrane structure and function. Protein trafficking and import into organelles.
Nitrogen fixation, nitrate reduction and ammonia assimilation, amino acids and ureides biosynthesis.
Fatty acid and lipid biosynthesis and degradation in membranes, plastids and endoplasmic reticulum.
Respiration- energetics of respiration, formation of ATP and reducing power in the light, photophosphorylation, anabolic and catabolic role of citric acid cycle, respiration of lipids, proteins, carbohydrates and amino acids, physiological function of alternate pathway, dark respiration in green cells, fermentation.
Enzymes definition and classification, enzyme kinetics. Secondary metabolites-terpenes, phenols and alkaloids.