DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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SSAC 606 /ES 606 SOIL AND WATER POLLUTION                                                                           (2L+1P) II

Objective
To teach the students on extent, causes and mitigation of soil and water pollution on global scale and in India.

Theory

UNIT I
Soil and water resources of India; introduction to soil and water pollution; major soil and water problems; status of pollution in India.

UNIT II
Sources, cause and type of soil pollution; major soil problems – soil erosion, salinity, sodicity, pesticide pollution, and metal pollution.

UNIT III
Physical, chemical and biological characteristics of water; sources and cause of water pollution, point source and non point source pollution, types of pollution in subsurface and surface water, land fill sites and ground water pollution; nitrate, arsenic and fluoride pollution and their control.

UNIT IV
Microbial pollution in water - their sources; common water-borne diseases; transmission and control of water-borne diseases.

UNIT V
Impact of modern trends of agriculture on pollution; effect of soil and water pollution on agriculture and health; characteristics of domestic, municipal and industrial effluents; merits and demerits of their utilization in agriculture.

UNIT VI
Laws and legislation for soil and water pollution, permissible limits of pollutants in soil and water.

UNIT VII
Physical, chemical and biological remediation of soil and water pollution, waste water treatment, integrated nutrient management.

Practicals
Introduction to limnological studies; determination of nitrate and phosphate in soil and waters; determination of EC, pH and alkalinity; free CO2; dissolved oxygen and residual chlorine in water; fluoride, calcium, magnesium in and hardness of water; trace metallic elements in soil and water; measurement of Coliform/ MPN; and BOD measurement in natural and waste waters.

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