SST 506 SEED LEGISLATION AND CERTIFICATION                                                                               (3L+1P) II

To apprise students with the legislative provisions and processes and the mechanisms of seed quality control.


Historical development of Seed Industry in India; Seed quality: concept and factors affecting seed quality during different stages of production, processing and handling; seed quality control- concept and objectives; Central Seed Certification Board (CSCB).

Regulatory mechanisms of seed quality control- organizations involved in seed quality control programmes; seed legislation and seed law enforcement as a mechanism of seed quality control; the Seed Act (1966), Seed Rules (1968), Seed (Control) Order 1983; Essential Commodities Act (1955); Plants, Fruits and Seeds Order (1989); National Seed Development Policy (1988) and EXIM Policy regarding seeds, plant materials; New Seed Bill-2004 etc. Introduction, objectives and relevance of plant quarantine, regulations and plant quarantine set up in India.

Seed Certification- history, concept and objectives of seed certification; seed certification agency / organization and staff requirement; legal status and phases of seed certification; formulation, revision and publication of seed certification standards; Indian Minimum Seed Certification Standards (I.M.S.C.S.) general and specific crop standards including GM varieties, field and seed standards; planning and management of seed certification programmes- eligibility of a variety for certification, area assessment, cropping history of the seed field, multiplication system based on limited generation concept, isolation and land requirements etc.

Field Inspection- principles, phases and procedures; reporting and evaluation of observations; pre and post-harvest control tests for genetic purity evaluation (grow-out tests); post harvest inspection and evaluation; seed sampling, testing, labeling, sealing and grant of  certificate; types and specifications for tags and labels; maintenance and issuance of certification records and reports; certification fee and other service charges; training and liaison with seed growers. OECD seed certification schemes.

Introduction to WTO and IPRs; Plant Variety Protection and its significance; UPOV and its role; DUS testing- principles and applications; essential features of PPV & FR Act, 2001 and related Acts.

General procedure of seed certification ; identification of weed and other crop seeds as per specific crops; field inspection at different stages of a crop and observations recorded on contaminants and reporting of  results; inspection and sampling at harvesting / threshing, processing and after processing for seed law enforcement; testing physical purity, germination and moisture; specifications for tags and labels to be used for certification purpose; grow-out tests for pre and post-harvest quality control; visits to regulatory seed testing laboratory, including plant quarantine lab and seed certification agency.

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