DESCRIPTION OF COURSES

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SST 512 SEED PRODUCTION IN PASTURE, FORAGE AND GREEN MANURE CROPS                                             (2L +1P) III

Objective
To apprise about the basic requirements and methods of quality seed production in forage, pasture and green manure crops.

Theory

UNIT I
Important pasture and forage legume crops in India; seed requirement and production; classification of forage, pastures and green manure crops; pollination behavior.

UNIT II
Factors influencing seed production; maintenance of varietal purity, generation systems of seed multiplication self pollinated crops; seed production in apomictic grasses.

UNIT III
Methods and techniques of seed production in important grasses, pastures, legumes and green manure crops; apomictic seed.

UNIT IV
Selection of seed production areas, influence of season, seed rate and spacing, sowing methods, direct seed sowing, transplanting, pelleting, fertilizer and manure requirement, isolation distance, weed control, pollination and seed setting, seed shattering, seed maturity and stage of harvest, seed collection, economics of seed production of important fodder crops.

UNIT V
Seed processing, seed treatment, seed storage, seed viability of grasses and leguminous crops.

Practicals
Study of flower structure, seed collection and identification, characteristics of forage, pastures and green manure crops; maturity indices for harvest, seed testing- sampling, purity, moisture, germination and dormancy, seed treatments.

Suggested Readings