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WST 506 HYDROLOGY AND WATERSHED MANAGEMENT                                                                               (3L + 1P) III

Objective
To equip the students with the hydrologic processes, analysis hydrologic data for designing various structures, management of water resources through community participation and other aspects pertaining to the holistic development of the area.

Theory

UNIT I
Hydrologic process and systems; hydrologic problems of small watersheds precipitation and runoff and ground water flow, data generation analysis and reduction, estimation and interpretation, gauging and instrumentations. Hydrologic problems of small watershed, hydrologic characteristics of watersheds measurement and analysis of hydrologic parameters, rainfall-runoff, stream flow measurement and analysis of data, hydrograph theory, hydrograph, separation and use, unit hydrograph flood routing.

UNIT II
Concept of watershed, characterization, priority watershed, need for integrated approach, Integrated watershed management - importance and relevance for holistic development, problem identification, deterioration and priority concept. Land and water degradation, land capability and suitability classification. Database generation and management, Impact evaluation and assessment. Watershed resources appraisal, watershed survey, data requirement,

UNIT III
Community par ticipation, rationale, potential need, constraints, mobilization process, empowerment of panchayats, peopl’s organization, management of common property resources, etc.Role of NGOs and political will and support; Water harvesting technique small storage and traditional methods.

UNIT IV
Watershed management programme in the country-overview, planning and guidelines success and failures, economic evaluation and environmental assessment, watershed policy formulation for planning and management.

Practicals
Delineation of watersheds, watershed yield and estimation of runoff from watershed, analysis of hydrological data, design of soil and water conservation structures, watershed survey watershed management planning

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