Weather Based Agromet Advisory Bulletin

Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa

(Applicable for Delhi and NCR)

Division of Agricultural Physics

ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute

PUSA, New Delhi – 110 012

www.iari.res.in (Weather Advisory)

 Year 26, No: - 07/2019-20/Tue.                 Time: 2.30 PM                 Date: 23rd April,2019

Weather during current week (From 17th to 23rd April, 2019)  

Slightly cloudy weather conditions were observed during the week. The maximum temperature ranged between 29.4°C and 38.6°C (weekly normal 36.1°C). The minimum temperature ranged between 19.1°C and  26.4°C  (weekly normal 19.7°C). Relative humidity at 7.21 AM ranged between 55 and 95 per cent and that at 2.21 PM ranged between 29 and 78 per cent. The average bright sunshine hour during the week was 7.0 hours per day (weekly normal 9.1 hours). The average wind speed recorded was 4.7 km/h (normal 4.6 km/h). Mean evaporation rate during the period was 4.8 mm/day (weekly normal 8.8 mm/day). Wind during morning and evening was from different directions.

Weather Forecast for next five days received from India Meteorological Department, Regional Meteorological Centre, Agromet Advisory Unit, Lodhi Road, New Delhi is given below:

 

  Weather parameter/ Date

24-04-19

25-04-19

26-04-19

27-04-19

28-04-19

Rainfall mm)

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

MaximumTemperature (°C)

40

 41

40

41

40

Minimum Temperature (°C)

24

 24

23

24

24

Average Cloud Cover (Okta)

 4

  4

  2

 2

  2

Maximum RH. (%)

80

 80

 75

75

75

Minimum RH. (%)

30

30

25

25

25

Average Wind Speed( kmph)

10

20

25

20

15

Predominant Wind direction

   NNW

   NNW

   W

   NNW

   WNW

Cumulative Rainfall (mm)

                        0.0 mm

Special weather

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Weather based Agromet-Advisories (for the period ending on 28th April, 2019)

Advisory based on advices received from the subject matter specialists of agromet-advisory committee:

1.    High temperature is suitable for deep ploughing of fields after harvesting of Rabi crops. It helps in destroying the eggs and pupating stages of insects and weed seeds.

2.     After harvesting of rabi crops farmers are advised to test their soil from certified agencies and to do laser leveling in their field if required.

3.    Before storage, grains should be properly cleaned and it should be dried to the recommended level of moisture content. Godowns should be properly cleaned by removing all the grains and other storage matter of previous crop. Cracks and crevices of the walls should be cleaned and repaired and whitewashing should be done. Those who can afford are advised to spray 0.5 % malathion solution and keep the chamber closed for 7-8 days. The gunny bags should be dried in the sun so that eggs and pupating stages of insects as well as inoculum of diseases get destroyed.

4.      For green manure, sowing of green gram, cluster bean, senai, gwar etc may be done during this week. Seed rate for sanai is 60-70 kilogram and that of dhaicha is 50-60 kilogram per hectare. For adequate germination proper moisture should be maintained.

5.      Sowing of fodder crops (gwar, maize, bajra, cluster bean) may be done during this week. Adequate moisture should be maintained for maximum germination of seeds. Sowing should be done at a depth of 3-4 cm and at row to row spacing of 25-30 cm.

6.    Field preparation should be done for sowing of pigenpea and cotton in this week. Farmers are advised to procure good quality seeds from certified source.

7.      Keeping in view of forecasted high temperature, farmers are advised for harvesting of mature vegetables at morning and evening hours and keep harvested crops in shadow.

8.    Optimum moisture level should be maintained in cucurbitaceous crops by light and frequent irrigation as dry conditions may lead to poor pollination and thus drop in yield of the crop.

9.     After harvesting of mature okra application of urea @ 5-10 kg/ acre should be done. Constant monitoring of crop against attack of mite is advised. If population is above ETL then, spraying of Ethion @ 1.5-2 ml/litre of water is advised. Due to prevailing high temperature, light irrigation at short interval is advised.

10.  To control shoot and fruit borer in brinjaland tomato crops, infested fruits and shoots should be collected and buried inside the soil. If pest population is high, spraying of Spinosad 48 EC @ 1 ml /4 litres of water is advised.

11.  Farmers are advised to give light irrigation in the mature onion and garlic crops one week before digging.

Members of Agro advisory Committee

Dr. Ananta Vashisth (Nodal Officer, Agril. Physics)

Dr. P. Krishnan (Head, Division of Agril. Physics)

Dr. Deb Kumar Das (Principal Scientist, Agril. Physics)

Dr. Subhash Chander (Professor, Entomology)

Dr. J.P.S.Dabas (Principal Scientist and Incharge, CATAT)

Dr. B. S. Tomar (Head, Division of Vegetable Science)

Dr. Dinesh Kumar (Principal Scientist, Agronomy) 

Dr. P. Sinha (Principal Scientist, Plant Pathology)