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Institute Projects (2009-14)

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Project 1: Genetic improvement of Wheat

Sub-project 1: Genetic enhancement of productivity of bread wheat for optimum environment
Sub-project 2: Improvement of wheat suitable for temperature and moisture stressed environments of central and eastern India
(Activity 1): Breeding for low moisture & heat tolerance
(Activity2): Quality improvement under moisture and temperature stress and molecular marker development
Sub-project 3: Breeding to exploit Genotype X Cropping System interaction to enhance resource use efficiency in wheat based cropping system in India
(Activity1): Demonstration & refinement of conservation agriculture technologies for wheat based cropping system
Sub-project 4: Enhancement of genetic base of bread wheat for quality traits related to end-use and nutritional security
Sub-project 5: Introgression and genetic analysis of useful traits, rust resistance and development of hybrid wheat for productivity enhancement
(Activity 1): Introgression, genetic analyses and utilization of new genes for development of high yielding and rust resistant wheat
(Activity 2): Breeding for adult plant resistance and durable rust resistance with high yield
(Activity 3): Development of hybrid wheat for productivity enhancement

Objectives
  • To develop productive (high yielding) bread wheat varieties suitable for different environments incorporating inter-specific and winter X spring crosses
  • Genetic analysis and identification of markers for incorporation of resistance to existing diseases like rusts and Karnal bunt and emerging diseases like spot blotch and powdery mildew in different zones
  • Incorporation of good grain quality and chapati making quality under different inputs and agronomies
  • Genetic analysis, identification and mapping of genes for economic and useful traits
  • Breeding for adult plant resistance involving new APR genes
  • Standardization, refinement and improvement of selection procedures for moisture and heat stress along with water and nutrient use efficiency
  • To exploit genotype X tillage interaction for developing varieties for resource conservation agriculture
  • To exploit genotype x system interactions (G x S) for developing varieties for specific cropping system (bajra, maize and rice)
  • To develop wheat varieties suppressing weeds via changed plant morphology.
  • Transfer of important quality traits into elite background development of molecular markers for important quality traits
  • Introgression of useful genes from allied and alien species with special emphasis on rust resistance
  • Identification of heterotic pools in wheat to suit different agro-ecologies and development of A, B and R lines
Expected Outcome
  • Development of new wheat varieties with more productivity for different agro-eco conditions having higher level of resistance to prevailing stresses  and better expressed quality traits
  • Understanding of genetics of adaptive traits for their association in increasing yield potential, improved NUE and WUE
  • Innovative methods of phenotyping and development of new molecular markers tagged to different disease resistance, quality and abiotic stress resistance
  • Genetic enhancement for increased adaptation and responsiveness to conservation agricultural practices
  • Development of hybrid wheat with commercial potential and agronomic viability (low seed rate)

 

Project 2: Genetic improvement for productivity under different practices and stress resistance in rice

Sub-project 1: Development of high yielding aromatic/basmati rice varieties and hybrids
Sub-project 2: Development of high yielding non-aromatic rice varieties and hybrids
Sub-project 3: Development TGMS based rice hybrids

Objectives
  • Breeding for resistance to biotic stresses: Bacterial leaf blight, blast and brown plant hopper through MAS
  • Enhancing level of heterosis: heterotic pools, New Plant Type, diversification of nuclear background of CMS
  • Alien gene introgression, mapping, allele mining and genomics of agronomically important traits
  • MAS for submergence and salt tolerance transfer into good agronomic backgrounds
  • Nutrient Use Efficiency: Major nutrients using marker assisted selection
  • Development of semi-dwarf high yielding short grain aromatic rice varieties
Expected Outcome
  • High yielding, insect/disease resistant short grain aromatic/ Basmati and Non-Basmati rice varieties and hybrids combining diseases, submergence and salt tolerance
  • RIL mapping populations as genetic resource for further use
  • Molecular markers tightly linked to important genes for biotic stresses
  • Detection of diverse alleles functioning for different traits including quality and agronomic traits

 

Project 3 : Genetics and breeding for stress tolerance, improved productivity and quality traits in maize

Sub-project 1: Development of inbred lines and hybrids with abiotic and biotic stress tolerance and higher productivity
Sub-project 2: Development of inbred lines and hybrids with improved productivity under optimal conditions in different maturity groups
Sub-project 3: Development of inbred lines and hybrids for nutritional quality and specialty traits

Objectives
  • To develop inbred lines and hybrids with abiotic and biotic stress tolerance and higher productivity
  • To develop inbred lines and hybrids in different maturity groups with higher productivity under optimal conditions
  • To develop inbred lines and hybrids for nutritional quality and specialty traits
Expected Outcome
  • Superior hybrids with resistance to important diseases in maize (Polysora rust, TLB, and MLB) and inbred lines with tolerance to drought and water logging
  • Mapping population for undertaking QTL analysis of water logging tolerance in maize
  • Synthesis of biotic and abiotic stress tolerant maize pools
  • Promising MAS-derived QPM, biofortified hybrids
  • Specialty corn inbred lines and hybrids (sweet corn, pop corn and baby corn) in diverse backgrounds

 

Project 4: Genetic improvement of pearl millet for higher productivity and quality

Sub-project 1: Diversification of CMS lines, restorers and development of hybrids in pearl millet
Sub-project 2: Breeding for grain quality and development of composite populations in pearl millet

Objectives
  • To breed early maturing, downy mildew resistant hybrids with high grain and fodder yield potential for adoption in moisture stress areas and summer planting
  • Diversification and genetic enhancement of CMS lines and restorers with high level of resistance to downy mildew and desired maturity.
  • Molecular marker assisted selection for downy mildew resistance and economically important traits
  • Development of breeding lines with higher micro nutrient content and alternative uses
Expected Outcome
  • Early maturing, high yielding, disease resistant hybrids/composites suitable for moisture stress and summer fallow situations
  • Restorers and male sterile lines suitable for hybrid production across the cytoplasms.

Project 5: Genetic improvement for productivity enhancement in chickpea

Sub-project 1: Mutation breeding for productivity enhancement in chickpea
Sub-project 2: Genetic improvement for high yield and biotic stresses
Sub-project 3: Genetic improvement for high yield and abiotic stresses
Sub-project 4: Genetic improvement for earliness and high yield for southern zone adaptability

Objectives
  • Breeding high yielding desi and kabuli genotypes and extra-bold Kabuli genotypes resistant to Fusarium wilt/ root rot
  • Breeding high yielding desi and kabuli genotypes with tolerance to drought/high temperature
  • Development of genotypes suitable for late planting in rice based cropping systems and extra-early type to fit different cropping systems in southern regions
  • Development of varieties through mutation based variation for enhanced productivity under varying ecological conditions
  • Basic studies on increasing nitrogen fixation ability in mutants through host-rhizobial interaction
Expected Outcome
  • Development of high yielding chickpea varieties of desi and kabuli suitable for different agro-climatic zones of the country possessing Fusarium blight and drought stress resistance
  • Induction of useful variability and development of elite breeding lines through induced mutations for productivity and BNF traits
  • Construction/saturation of molecular linkage maps and identification of QTLs for different traits.

 

Project 6: Genetic Improvement of lentil and mungbean

Sub-project 1: Breeding high yielding disease resistant and early maturing mungbean
Sub-project 2: Lentil improvement for yield and resistance to diseases

Objectives
  • Breeding high yielding short duration varieties possessing resistance to YMV in mungbean, and wilt and rust in lentil
  • Genetics of drought tolerance and development of mapping populations for identification drought tolerance QTLs in lentil
  • Genetics of bold seededness and extra early maturity to fit into rice-wheat cropping system (spring/summer and rainy seasons)
  • Tagging major genes in lentil for resistance to wilt, abiotic stress resistance in lentil and MAS
  • Nutritional improvement( Protein, Amino acid profile) in lentil
Expected Outcome
  • Early maturing bold seeded mungbean varieties for cultivation in spring summer and kharif season
  • Genetics of important traits such as MYMV resistance
  • Lentil varieties with resistance to wilt and rust

Project 7: Genetic improvement of pigeon pea for early maturity

Sub-project 1: Development of pigeonpea varieties for early maturity suitable for pigeonpea-wheat rotation
Sub-project 2: Identification of CMS (A and B) lines and search for restorer ( R ) lines for hybrid pigeonpea development
Sub-project 3: Introgression of stress resistance from wild species into pigeonpea

Objectives
  • Analysis of stability of productivity with adaptation to varying conditions
  • Development of short plant types with uniform bearing and early maturity and genetics of determinate flowering
  • Identification of suitable agronomy for exploring attainment of potential yield of determinate flowering short compact plant type
  • Genetics of male fertility restoration and tagging of restorer genes of inter-specific derived CMS sources
  • Identification of heterotic pools and conversion of superior genetic background into A and B lines, and diversity for restorer alleles
  • Identification of new 'A', 'B' and 'R' lines from inter-specific derivatives
  • Introgression of biotic and abiotic stress resistance traits from wildspecies
Expected Outcome
  • Stable high yielding short duration varieties
  • Identification of QTLs for earliness and yield traits.
  • Short and compact plant type with early maturity.
  • Genetics of yield traits and maturity in determinate genotypes.
  • Inheritance of male fertility restoration and tagging of restorer gene.
  • Identification of heterotic cross combinations through superior 'A' and 'R' lines
  • Identification of diverse male fertility restorer lines

 

Project 8: Genetic enhancement of rapeseed and mustard for development of varieties and hybrids for different agronomical situations

Sub-project 1: Development of varieties and hybrids tolerant to biotic and abiotic stresses in rapeseed mustard
Sub-project 2: Oil quality enhancement in Indian mustard
Sub-project 3: Development of Indian mustard varieties suitable for late sown conditions

Objectives
  • Genetics of new sources of resistance for white rust and Alternaria blight and identification of QTLs/gene tags for MAS
  • Identification of heterotic pools and conversion for CMS and restorer loci using molecular marker tools
  • Development of short duration genotypes of Brassica juncea (<100 days) and Brassica carinata (<140 days)
  • Development of single zero [low erucic acid or low glucosinolates] and double zero varieties of Indian mustard
  • Genetics of oil and other grain quality traits
  • Development of genotypes suitable for November sowing with tolerance to high temperature at maturity
Expected Outcome
  • Varieties and hybrids for different agroeco conditions
  • Tagged molecular markers with genes/QTLs targeted
  • Double-zero mustard varieties for different agroeco conditions

 

Project 9: Genetic enhancement of soybean for rain fed and irrigated system

Sub project 1: Breeding for yield, seed storability and IDC tolerance
Sub-project 2: Breeding for yield and biotic stresses
Sub-project 3: Diversity analyses, breeding database management for selection in soybean

Objectives
  • Development of lines with improved seed storability under ambient conditions
  • Development of lines with high water use efficiency and tolerance to iron deficiency chlorosis (IDC)
  • Exploration of male-sterile system and its restoration
  • Genetics of resistance to charcol rot and YMV and their tagging
  • Genetic diversity analyses in genetic stocks and germplasm accessions
  • Development of multi-trait based selection criteria to identify parental lines characterized for their G x E stability and productivity under rainfed and irrigated systems
Expected Outcome
  • Improved genotypes with high seed longevity
  • Improved lines for WUE with their genetic bases
  • Genetics of IDC resistance and its tagging
  • Identification and characterization of EGMS
  • Genetics of Charcoal rot and YMV resistance and their molecular tags and advanced lines carrying resistance
  • Germplasm core set based on assessment of genetic diversity and detected lines for stable response to G X E

 

Project 10: Genetic enhancement of cotton with an emphasis on heat and drought tolerance

Sub project 1: Development of improved genotypes combining high yield and superior fibre quality
Sub-project 2: Genetics enhancement of cotton with emphasis on heat and drought tolerance

Objectives
  • Transfer of Bt from Bikaneri Narma into promising genotypes
  • Development of superior genotypes of G. hirsutumwith resistance to CLCV and jassid
  • Development of G. hirsutum with improved heat and drought tolerance to match hot summers
  • Genetic improvement for oil content and fibre strength, and introgression of fibre quality genes from G. barbadense.
  • Identification of genotypes with high water use efficiency
Expected Outcome
  • Improved genotypes with superior fibre quality
  • Improved lines with heat and drought tolerance

 

Project 11: Basic studies on genes in development and behaviour: Drosophila as a model system

Objectives
  • Studies on the regulation of cancer inducing proteins from DWnt6 and DWnt10 with their role for signalling in DWnt4-
  • Validation of chromatin binding role of DIno80
  • Studying gene expression of DIno80 targets (homeobox genes) in null mutants DIno80-3, DIno80-6
  • Study maternal and zygotic contribution of DIno80 in development
  • Study development in SUMOG87S involved in Huntington's and Alzhemier's disease in humans
Expected Outcome
  • Role of novel proteins in gene regulation
  • Influence of Wnt misregulations in behavioral and health abnormality extendable to human cancer)
  • Influence of Sumo mutants in nervous system disease