Weather Based Agromet Advisory Bulletin

Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa

(Applicable for Delhi and NCR)

                                                       Division of Agricultural Physics

 ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute

PUSA, New Delhi – 110 012

www.iari.res.in (Weather Advisory)

Year 25, No: - 59/2018-19/Tue.         Time: 2.30 PM                 Date: 23rd October,2018

Weather during current week (From 17th to 23rd October,2018)  

           Clear weather conditions were observed during the week.The maximum temperature ranged between 30.6°C and 34.2°C (weekly normal 32.8°C).The minimum temperature ranged between 10.5°C and 15.6°C (weekly normal 18.1°C). Relative humidity at 7.21 AM ranged between 80 and 98 per cent and that at 2.21 PM ranged between 32 and 64 per cent. The average bright sunshine hour during the week was 5.9 hours per day (weekly normal 8.7 hours). The average wind speed recorded was 1.8 km/h (normal 4.8 km/h). Mean evaporation rate during the period was 3.8 mm/day (weekly normal 6.3 mm/day). Wind during morning was mostly calm and during evening was from different directions.

Weather Forecast for next five days received from India Meteorological Department, Regional Meteorological Centre, Agromet Advisory Unit, Lodhi Road, New Delhi is given below:

 

  Weather parameter/ Date

24-10-18

25-10-18

26-10-18

27-10-18

28-10-18

Rainfall (mm)

   0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

0.0

Maximum Temperature (°C)

32

31

31

32

31

Minimum Temperature (°C)

18

18

16

16

17

Average Cloud Cover (Okta)

 4

4

2

1

1

Maximum RH. (%)

   90

90

85

85

80

Minimum RH. (%)

30

30

25

   25

20

Average Wind Speed( kmph)

05

05

05

05

05

Predominant Wind direction

   ESE

   ESE

  ESE

  ESE

 ESE

Cumulative Rainfall (mm)

                          0.0 mm

Special weather

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Weather based Agromet-Advisories (for the period ending on 28th October, 2018)

Advisory based on advices received from the subject matter specialists of agromet-advisory committee:

1.    Keeping view in weather, harvesting of mature rice crop in this week should be done. After harvesting, crop should be dried in the field for 2-3 days and thereafter threshing should be done. Before storing, grains should be dried to bring down moisture level below 12 %.

2.   In the areas where paddy crop is about to mature, irrigation should be stopped two weeks before harvesting. After harvesting crop should be dried in the field for 2-3 days and thereafter threshing should be done. Grains should be properly dried to right moisture level before storing.

3.       Farmers are advised to procure good quality seeds of wheat and start field’s preparation. Seed rate: - 100 kg seed per hectare. Recommended cultivars: - H.D. 2687, H.D. 2851, H.D. 2894, H.D. 2967, H.D. 3086, D.B.W.-17. Application of Chlorpyriphos (20EC) @ 5 litres per hectare with pre-irrigation is recommended before sowing in the fields having perennial problem of termite infestation. Recommended dose of fertilizer for N: P: K is 120, 50 and 40 kg / hectare.

4.    Keeping temperature in view sowing of mustard should be done as earliest. After ploughing the field planking should be done. Seed rate: - 1.5-2 kg per acre. Moisture level in the soil should be appropriate for proper germination; otherwise apply pre sowing irrigation. Before sowing seeds should be treated with Thiram or Captan @ 2-2.5 g/ kg of seeds. Line sowing is beneficial. In non-spreading varieties, row to row spacing should be 30 cm and in spreading cultivars spacing should be 45-50 cm. After germination, plant to plant spacing should be maintained at 12-15 cm by thinning. Before sowing, soil testing for sulfur should be done and in deficient areas 20 kg sulfur per hectare should be applied at last ploughing.

5.     Sowing of gram should be done in this week. Seed rate: - 60-80 kilogram for small and medium sized varieties and 80-100 kilograms for big sized varieties. R x R spacing to be maintained 30-35 cm. Varieties:- Kabuli type - Pusa 267, Pusa 1003, Pusa Chamatkar; local type – C235, Pusa 246, P.B.G. 1, Pusa 372. Before sowing, seed should be treated with Rhizobium culture and phosphorus solublesing bacteria.

6.       Keeping in view of temperature trend sowing of oat and barseem for fodder purpose can be done. Cultivars for Oat: - J.H.O-822, O.L.-9, Pusa oat-5 and for barseem – Vardan, Buland Barseem-1, Masakavi, J.B-3. Seed rate: - Oat 80-100 kilogram per hectare and barseem -25-30 kilogram per hectare.

7.       Keeping view in weather, sowing of pea should not be delayed as late sowing reduces the seed yield and exposes the crop to insect damage. Recommended cultivars: - Pusa Pragati, Arkel, Azad Matar-3, Pant Matar-3 and Bournville. Seed should be treated with fungicides, Captan or Thiram @ 2.0 gm/kg and after that with crop-specific Rhizobium culture. A solution of jaggary and water after boiling should be allowed to cool down and then seeds along with Rhizobium should be thoroughly mixed. The mixture should be allowed to dry in a shade. It is highly recommended that the treated seeds should be sown after 24 hours of treatment.

8.       Sowing of garlic can be done in raised bed. Recommended cultivars: -G-1, G-41, G-50, G-282. Application of FYM and phosphorus fertilizer is recommended.

9.       Farmers are advised for planting of potato. The crop matures in 80-90 days. Recommended varieties:- Kufri Badshah, Kufri Bahar, Kufri Aanand, Chipsona-1, Chipsona-2, Chipsona-3.

10.   This is suitable time for sowing of Sarson Saag- Pusa Saag-1; Bathua- Pusa Bathua-1; Radish- Japani White, Hill queen, French  Radish; Spinach- All Green, Pusa Bharti; Fenugreek-Pusa Kasuri;Coriander- Pant Haritama, Hybrids; Turnip- Pusa Swati, Local Red variety.

11.   Weather is suitable for sowing of rabi onion. Seed rate- 10 kg\ha. Before sowing seeds should be treated with Captan @ 2.5 g/ kg of seeds. 

12.   Transplanting of mature seedlings of cauliflower, cabbage, broccoli and tomato may also be done in raised bed. Recommended spacing should be maintained. Nursery preparation should be started for late crop which mature in December or January.

13.   Chrysanthemum and marigold should be transplanted in raised bed as earliest. Sowing of gladiolus should be done in prepared fields.

14.   Field sanitization is advised before sowing of rabi crop. Bunds, channels, uncultivated fields and field roads should be cleaned by removing weeds also use fully decomposed FYM or compost before sowing of crops and vegetable as it improves the physical and biological properties of soil and thus increases the water retention capacity as well as nutrient status of the soil.

Members of Agro advisory Committee

Dr. Ananta Vashisth (Nodal Officer, Agril. Physics)

Dr. P. Krishnan (Head, Division of Agril. Physics)

Dr. Deb Kumar Das (Principal Scientist, Agril. Physics)

Dr. Subhash Chander (Professor, Entomology)

Dr. J.P.S.Dabas (Principal Scientist and Incharge, CATAT)

Dr. B. S. Tomar (Head, Division of Vegetable Science)

Dr. Dinesh Kumar (Principal Scientist, Agronomy)

Dr. P. Sinha (Principal Scientist, Plant Pathology)