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FSC 601 PRODUCTION TECHNOLOGY OF PLANTATION CROPS                                                                            (3L+1P) I

Objective
To impart basic knowledge on the importance and production techniques in plantation crops grown in India.

Theory
Plantation crops and their role in national economy. Classification and varietal wealth. Climatic and soil requirements. Species, origin and cytogenetics, blossom biology, breeding objectives, approaches for crop improvement. Propagation, planting systems, multi-tier cropping, inter- and cover crops, effect of excess or low rainfall, humidity, temperature, light and soil pH on crop growth and productivity, high density planting, nutritional requirements, training and pruning, crop regulation, special cultural operations, physiological disorders, role of growth regulators, irrigation requirements, weed management, maturity indices, harvesting, processing and value addition. Organic and precision farming, seed gardens.

UNIT I
Cashew and cocoa.

UNIT II
Coconut, arecanut.

UNIT III
Tea, coffee and rubber.

UNIT IV
Oil palm and palmyrah palm.

Practicals
Botanical description of plantation crops and varietal features; Criteria for selection of potential mother trees/palms, selection of planting material in coconut and arecanut, planting systems, pit preparation, manuring and floor management practices; Pruning and training techniques, special operation, use of PGRs, maturity standards and harvest index; Preparation of multi-storied cropping system models, visit to plantations.

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