Project 1: Development of superior hybrids and varieties for productivity, quality and stress resistance (Principal Investigator: Dr. Subodh Joshi)

Sub-project 1: Crop: Tomato
Sub-project 2: Crop: Brinjal
Sub-project 3: Crop: Chilli
Sub-project 4: Crop: Onion
Sub-project 5: Crop: Cauliflower and Carrot
Sub-project 6: Crop: Cucumber, Luffa & Bitter gourd
Sub-project 7: Crop: Okra
Sub-project 8: Crop: Garden pea

Objectives
  • To develop varieties and hybrids for higher productivity, quality and resistance to stresses.
  • To maintain parental lines of hybrids and varieties.
  • To develop efficient and profitable methods of hybrid seed production.
  • To identify and utilize resistance sources for managing abiotic and biotic stresses.
  • Evaluation of promising resistant selections and F1 hybrids for their potentiality in different agro-ecological regions.
  • To develop varieties and hybrids suitable for high nutrition, processing, value addition and export.
Expected Outcome
  • Superior hybrids and varieties will be available for commercial cultivation and may ensure better adaptability to changing environment.
  • Resistant/tolerant varieties and hybrids will be most suitable for stress prone areas which will reduce the use of pesticides and protect the environment and health.
  • The resistant/tolerant varieties and hybrids will fit in organic vegetable farming and off-season cultivation.
  • Developed varieties and hybrids will enhance nutritional security, suitability for processing, value addition and export potential which will increase growers' income and employment opportunities.

Project 2: Molecular breeding of vegetable crops (Principal Investigator: Dr. Pritam Kalia)

Sub-project 1: Crop: Cucurbits
Sub-project 2: Crop: Cole Crops and Carrot
Sub-project 3: Crop: Solanaceous Crops

Objectives
  • To assess genetic diversity of the core collections of different vegetable crops based on morphological and molecular markers.
  • To fingerprint IARI released varieties, parental lines of the hybrids and resistant sources against stresses through DNA markers and hybridity test.
  • To work out phylogenetic relationship based on cytological and molecular markers.
  • To develop linkage map and tagging of genes of interest for the economic traits in selected vegetable crops.
Expected Outcome
  • Trait mapping, parental selection and diversity analysis will be facilitated with the use of DNA markers.
  • DNA fingerprinting for correct identification of vegetable cultivars, parental lines and hybrids.
  • Phylogenetic relationship of selected vegetables will be revealed using molecular markers.

Project 3: Development of superior varieties of indigenous and underutilised vegetables (Principal Investigator: Dr. Raj Kumar)

Sub-project 1: Crop: Leguminous vegetables
Sub-project 2: Crop: Cucurbitaceous vegetables
Sub-project 3: Crop: Leafy vegetables
Sub-project 4: Crop: Solanaceous vegetables

Objectives
  • Collection, characterization, documentation, evaluation, maintenance and improvement of germplasm of legumes, cucurbitaceous, solanaceous and leafy vegetables from different agro-climatic zones of the country.
  • Screening of collected vegetable crops for desirable horticultural traits including quality and stress resistance.
  • Release of elite material, their multiplication and utilization for commercial exploitation.
Expected Outcome
  • The improved genotypes/varieties will be made available for commercial cultivation in different agro-climatic zones.
  • It will add to diversification, ensure nutritional security and also to improve the economic conditions of the growers.