IARI – Regional Station, Indore, MP

Dr. K.C. Sharma

Head (Acting)
Phone: 0731-2927921
E-mail:head_indore[at]iari[dot]res[dot]in, kc_64sharma[at]yahoo[dot]com

 

ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, Regional station, Indore was established in October, 1951 as an aftermath of wheat rust epidemic during 1946-47 in Central India. It was established on the historical Institute of Plant Industry and started with just two hectares of land and meagre resources. The station was started under the Coordinated Wheat Rust Control Scheme operating under the leadership of Dr. B.P. Pal at IARI, New Delhi with the mandate of evolving rust resistant wheat varieties that can be successfully grown under limited input conditions. 

 

Sh. Chaudhari Amir Singh was the first Head of the station; however, it was Shri Y. M. Upadhyaya who laid the technical foundation of the center.  The station was headed by eminent wheat workers like Shri V. S. Mathur (1953-1959), Shri Y.M.Upadhyaya (1951-53, 1959-78, 1979-83), Shri A.K. Singh (1983-94), Dr. H.N. Pandey (1997-2009), Dr. A. N. Mishra (2009 – 2015), S. V. Sai Prasad (2015 to 14 September, 2021).

 

The popular durum wheat in Central India was on the verge of extinction due to low yield and rust disease during 70s and 80s. The station did the pioneer work of durum wheat revival in Central India during last two decades. Now, it is internationally acclaimed as major research centre for durum wheat and rust diseases.

 

The station has released a total of 39 improved wheat varieties including 17 of durum and 22 of bread wheat for different cultivation conditions of India. Durum wheat varieties viz., NP 406, NP 412, NP 401, NP 404, Meghdoot (HI 7483), Malavshree (HI 8381), Malav Ratna (HD 4672), Malav shakti (HI 8498) were released before 2000 and after 2000, Malav Kirti (HI 8627), Poshan (HI 8663), Pusa Mangal (HI 8713), Pusa Anmol (HI 8737), HI 8759 (Pusa Tejas), HI 8777 (Pusa Wheat 8777), HI 8802 (Pusa Wheat 8802), HI 8805 (Pusa Wheat 8805) and HI 8823 (Pusa Prabhat) were released for different cultivation conditions. The bread wheat varieties released before 2000 were NP 832, NP 839, Mukta (HI 385), Sujata (HI 617), Swati (HI 784), HI 977, Mangla (HI 1077 ), Naveen Chandausi (HI 1418) and Abha (HI 1454), and after 2000, Amrita (HI 1500), Harshita (HI 1531), Swarna (HI 1479), Purna (HI 1544), Pusa Prachi (HI 1563), Pusa Ujala (HI 1605), HI 1612 (Pusa Wheat 1612), HI 1620 (Pusa Wheat 1620), HI 1621 (Pusa Wheat 1621), HI 1628 (Pusa Wheat 1628), HI 1633 (Pusa Vani), HI 1634 (Pusa Ahilya) and HI 1636 (Pusa Vakula) were developed and released by this station for cultivation under different conditions.

 

The wheat varieties developed by this station namely HI 1633, HI 1636 and HI 8823 were dedicated to the nation by honorable Prime Minister of India, Sh. Narendra Modi ji in 2020 and 2021 as bio fortified wheat varieties.

Due to evolution of high yielding and nutritious durum wheat varieties from this station, the area under durum wheat has increased from 5% to 15 % in Madhya Pradesh during last two decades. Basic studies are also being conducted on rust resistance, heat and drought tolerance, and wheat quality traits.  A number of diverse sources of resistance to stem and leaf rusts have been identified which are being utilized for crop improvement throughout the country.  Protocols developed for evaluating rust resistance in durum and bread wheats have been providing guidelines for rust resistance breeding in the both the wheat species.  A number of morpho-physiologic traits have been identified for heat and drought tolerance in wheat. Despite above different improved agro-techniques on wheat production related to crops and cropping systems, macro and micro-nutrients management and integrated nutrient management, control measures of broadleaved and multiple weed flora, irrigation management and other technologies viz., time of sowing, proper seed rate, sowing medium, sowing methods, sowing spacing, dibbling etc.,

 

Despite availability of very limited farm land (only 6.0 ha) at the station, more than 35,000 quintals of breeder seed of improved IARI-wheat varieties has been produced in participatory –public-private (PPP) mode.  More than 1000 FLDs of latest IARI-wheat varieties were conducted in over 330 hectares area of 150 villages under 19 districts of Madhya Pradesh and three of Rajasthan.  Average yield increase in these demonstrations has been 47%, compared to the old varieties and conventional cultivation practices. We have trained more than 10,000 farmers in wheat production technologies and more than 20 groups from NGOs and Self-help groups in durum wheat processing/entrepreneurship i.e. making Dalia, Atta, Sooji and marketing.

 

The station’s scientific teams have received the ICAR Team Research Award thrice viz., 2002, 2012 and 2018 for “Outstanding Interdisciplinary Team Research in Agriculture and Allied Sciences”. Mr. Yogendra Kaushik, a progressive farmer produced 9.2 t/ha of our durum wheat variety HI 8663, for which he was awarded ‘Best Farmer’ by the President of India. Madhya Pradesh has got Krishi Karman award from government of India for six times successively for the record wheat yields. The efforts of the station in varietal replacement and improving wheat production and productivity have been duly recognised.

Presently, ICAR-IARI, Regional station, Indore is headed by Dr. K.C. Sharma. He is leading a team of six scientists from different disciplines.