Weather Based Agromet Advisory Bulletin

Gramin Krishi Mausam Sewa

(Applicable for Delhi and NCR)

Division of Agricultural Physics

ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute

PUSA, New Delhi – 110 012

www.iari.res.in (Weather Advisory)

 Year 26, No: - 31/2019-20/Tue.               Time: 2.30 PM                 Date: 16th July,2019

 Weather during current week (From 10th to 16th July, 2019)  

Partially cloudy conditions were observed during the week except a rainfall of 7.0 mm on 10th July and 20.4 mm on 16th July was recorded at the institute observatory. The maximum temperature ranged between 32.8°C and 44.8°C (weekly normal 36.1°C). The minimum temperature ranged between 22.4°C and 30.9°C (weekly normal 27.0°C). Relative humidity at 7.21 AM ranged between 65 and 91 per cent and that at 2.21 PM ranged between 37 and 83 per cent. The average bright sunshine hour during the week was 0.5 hours per day (weekly normal 6.4 hours). The average wind speed recorded was 8.3 km/h (normal 6.4 km/h). Mean evaporation rate during the period was 6.1 mm/day (weekly normal 7.4 mm/day). Wind during morning and evening it was from West directions.

 

Weather Forecast for next five days received from India Meteorological Department, Regional Meteorological Centre, Agromet Advisory Unit, Lodhi Road, New Delhi is given below:s

 

  Weather parameter/ Date

17-07-19

18-07-19

19-07-19

20-07-19

21-07-19

Rainfall (mm)

4.0

4.0

2.0

1.0

1.0

Maximum Temperature (°C)

33

33

33

34

35

Minimum Temperature (°C)

24

24

25

25

26

Average Cloud Cover (Okta)

7

7

6

6

5

Maximum RH. (%)

95

90

90

85

85

Minimum RH. (%)

65

65

65

60

60

Average Wind Speed( kmph)

10

6

5

5

6

Predominant Wind direction

     E

  SSE

   S

 NNW

  SSE

Cumulative Rainfall (mm)

                           12.0 mm

Special weather

 

 

 

Weather based Agromet-Advisories (for the period ending on 21st July, 2019)

Advisory based on advices received from the subject matter specialists of agromet-advisory committee:

1.    Keeping in view of rainfall, farmers are advised to transplant 20-25 days old paddy seedling in those prepared fields where water facilities are available with spacing of 20 x 10 (R x P) cm. Nitrogen 100 kg/ha, Phosphorus 60 kg/ha, Potash 40 kg/ha and Zinc Sulphate 25 kg/ ha should be use before transplanting. Add one packet/acre of Blue Green Algae (BGA) in those fields of paddy where standing water is available, as it is rich source of nitrogen.

2.   Keeping weather condition in view, farmers are advised for sowing of maize in prepared fields. Recommended Hybrids: AH-421, AH-58 or Composites: Pusa composite-3, Pusa composite-4. Seed rate 20 kg/ha. It is also advised to maintain row to row spacing of 60-75 cm. and plant to plant 18-25 cm. Spray of Atrazine 1-1.5 kg a.i/ha. in 800 litre of water is recommended for effective weed control in maize.

3.    Keeping weather condition in view, Farmers are advised for constant monitoring of cotton crops against sucking pests, if the insect population is above ETL then spray of Imidacloprid 0.5 ml/litre of water is recommended when sky is clear. Use of Pheromone traps (3-5 per acre) and Light traps are recommended for monitoring and control of other insect of cotton crop.

4.      Weather is suitable for sowing of baby corn (HM-4) and sweet corn in this week.

5.      Keeping weather condition in view, farmers are advised for sowing of bajra (Hybrid Bajra Pusa-605, Hybrid Bajra Pusa-415, Composite Bajra Pusa-383, HSV-67). Seed treatment is required for protection against Ergot. Seeds should be put in 10% salt solution, light and damaged seed should be removed and remaining seed should be dried and treated with Thiram or Bavistin @ 2.0 gm/ kg seed to protect from seed borne diseases.

6.    Hoeing and weeding should be done in all kharif crops, it improves the root growth and save the water consumption.

7.     Weather is suitable, to grow fodder sorghum specially Pusa Chari-9, Pusa Chari-6 or Other Hybrids. Seed rate should be 40 kg/ha. Fodder crop lobia can also be sown in this week.

8.     Keeping weather condition in view, farmers are advised for sowing of guar (Pusa Navbahar, Durga Bahar), radish (Pusa Chetki), cluster bean (Pusa Komal), Beans (Pusa Sem 2, Pusa Sem 3), spinach (Pusa Bharti), amaranths (Pusa lal Chaulai, Pusa Kiran) and ladyfinger (Pusa A-4). They are also advised to procure good quality seeds from certified sources.

9.      Keeping weather condition in view, farmers are advised to start sowing of cucurbits. Popular hybrids of Bottle Gourd- Pusa Naveen, Pusa Samridh; Bitter Gourd- Pusa Visesh, Pusa-2 Mosumi; Pumpkin- Pusa Visvash, Pusa Vikash; Ridge Gourd- Pusa Sneha etc.

10.  For constant monitoring of cucurbitaceous crops against attack of fruit fly, use of ‘Methyl Eugenol trap is recommended. After detecting the symptoms, spraying of Rogor @ 2 ml + 10 g sugar or jaggary/litre water at 50 litres/ha is advised, when sky is clear.

11.  In this weather condition, constant monitoring of lady finger, chilli and cucurbitaceous crop against attack of mite and jassid is advised. Spraying of phosmite @ 1.5 - 2 ml per litre of water is advised to control mite and spraying of Dimethoate 30 EC @ 2 ml/liter of water is advised against jassid, when sky is clear.

12.   Farmers who want to establish new orchards in this rainy season are advised to dig the pits 1m x1m x1m and fill these with well decomposed FYM. The pits should be treated with 5.0 ml of chlorpyrifos 20 EC per litre water to prevent termite and white grub. Transplanting of good quality plants procured from certified sources should be done in this week.

13.  Keeping in view of rainfall forecast, farmers are advised for conserving rain water in the paddy fields by making broad and elevated bunds. Farmers are also advised for not to do any type of spray (pesticides, herbicides).

 Members of Agro advisory Committee

Dr. Ananta Vashisth (Nodal Officer, Agril. Physics)

Dr. P. Krishnan (Head, Division of Agril. Physics)

Dr. Deb Kumar Das (Principal Scientist, Agril. Physics)

Dr. Subhash Chander (Professor, Entomology)

Dr. J.P.S.Dabas (Principal Scientist and Incharge, CATAT)

Dr. B. S. Tomar (Head, Division of Vegetable Science)

Dr. Dinesh Kumar (Principal Scientist, Agronomy) 

Dr. P. Sinha (Principal Scientist, Plant Pathology)