Seed Production UnitDr. Gyanendra Singh
Phone: 011- 25842686
E-mail: incharge_spu[at]iari[dot]res[dot]in,


Seed is one of the most critical inputs for enhancing the productivity of crops and availability of quality seeds is backbone to ensure food security of the nation. Quality seed act as catalyst for realizing the potential of all other inputs without which the investment on others inputs such as fertilizer, irrigation and pesticides will not pay desired dividends to the farmers as well as to the country. Use of quality seeds alone could increase 15-20per cent of the yield and under optimum management condition; the increase may touch upon upto 45 per cent. Sustained increase in agriculture production and productivity is dependent, to a large extent, on development of new and improved varieties of crops and an efficient system for timely supply of quality seeds to farmers.

Seed production Unit (SPU) was established in 1995 to ensure the quality seed security for increased productivity, quality and sustainability in agriculture with following mandate:

  • Production of Breeder seeds as per DAC indent and to meet commercialization requirements of Institute to popularize newly developed varieties.
  • Production of ‘PUSA BEEJ’ (TFL Seed) of Agri-Horticultural crops viz.,cereal, pulses, oilseed, and horticultural (especially vegetable & flower) crops to meet seed demand of regional farmer’s.
  • Farmer’s Participatory Seed Production Programme with aim to popularize newly developed varieties
  • Nucleus Seed production with emphasis on maintenance breeding and to ensure the quality seeds.
  • Standardization of post harvesting seed processing to maximize quality seed recovery.
  • Organize Training/Field Day for Seed Production activities


Varieties at SPU




Details of varieties in production chain


Mustard varieties (Package of practices in Hindi & English)


Pigeonpea Varieties (Package of practices in Hindi & English)


Mungbean Varieties (Package of practices in Hindi & English)


Wheat Varieties (Package of practices in Hindi & English)


Lentil Varieties (Package of practices in Hindi & English)


Chickpea Varieties (Package of practices in Hindi & English)