All India Network Project on Pesticide Residues (AINP-PR)
Dr. Vandana Tripathy
Project Coordinating Cell,
B2 Block, II Floor, LBS Building,
ICAR - IARI,
New Delhi-110 012
|Dr. Vandana Tripathy|
To ensure safe and judicious use of pesticides, the Indian Council of Agricultural Research (ICAR) initiated All India Coordinated Research Project (AICRP) on Pesticide Residues in 1984-85. It was later re-designated as the All India Network Project on Pesticide Residues (AINP-PR). Presently, there are 19 coordinated centres under the project including Project Coordinating Cell located at ICAR-Indian Agricultural Research Institute, New Delhi.
To organise, promote, co-ordinate and conduct location-specific research at national level on analysis of pesticide residues in food commodities, soil and in water for ensuring food safety and security.
- Determination of pre-harvest intervals (PHI), Maximum Residue Limit (MRL), and label claims expansions of pesticides on food crops under different agro-climates.
- Development of simple, sensitive and cost effective analytical methods for analysis of pesticide residues in different components of the environment.
- Monitoring of pesticide residues in food commodities and water.
- Human resource and skill development.
- Repository of national residue data.
- Generation of quality data as per international guidelines.
- Decontamination of pesticide residues in raw agricultural commodities.
- Collaboration with national and international organizations.
Multilocation Supervised field trials on different crops
- To conduct supervised field trials to evaluate the persistence/residues of pesticides on crops in different agro-climatic conditions following good agricultural practices (GAP).
- To monitor pesticide residues in various food commodities at harvest.
- To evaluate pesticide residues in environmental samples (soil, water).
- To study the dissipation kinetics of pesticides in crops, soil and water.
- To utilize the persistence/residue/monitoring data for:
- Establishment of safe waiting periods/ pre-harvest intervals (PHI) between pesticide application and harvest of the produce.
- Determination of Maximum Residue Limits (MRLs) by FSSAI.
- Approval/expansion of label claims of pesticides on crops by CIB&RC.
- To develop and validate simple, sensitive and cost effective analytical methodology for quantification of multi pesticide residues and their degradation products in different components of the environment for existing and new chemistry molecules.
- To upgrade the knowledge and skills of the researchers in the field of trace level pesticide residue analysis.
- To maintain national level pesticide residue database of residue trends of pesticides in food and feed crops.
- To share the information with policy makers and regulatory authorities.
- NABL accreditation of research laboratories as per ISO/IEC 17025 guidelines.
- Regular participation in Proficiency Testing (PT) Programmes as per ISO/IEC 17043 guidelines to ensure generation of quality data.
- Research Collaboration/Linkages with
- Central Insecticides Board and Registration Committee (CIB&RC) –For label claim approval of pesticides and other pesticide regulatory issues
- Food Standards and Safety Authority of India (FSSAI) –For fixation of national MRLs and other food safety issues
- Codex- fixation of Codex MRLs (CXLs) through National Codex Contact Point (NCCP), India
- Pesticide residue testing laboratories located in ICAR Institutes/ State Agricultural Universities (SAUs)/ Indian Council of Medical Research (ICMR)/ Council of Scientific and Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)/ Export Inspection Council (EIC)/ State Governments/ Cooperatives to generate national level pesticide residue monitoring data
Locations of AINP-PR Centres
Monitoring of Pesticide Residues at National Level
The project is also the nodal agency for implementation of the Department of Agriculture and Farmer’s Welfare (DA&FW) sponsored Central Sector Scheme, ‘Monitoring of Pesticide Residues at National Level’ (MPRNL) since 2005-06. The main objective of the scheme is to monitor pesticide residues in food commodities and water for promoting safe and judicious use of pesticides as per Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) and Integrated Pest Management (IPM).
The 33 participating laboratories in the scheme across the country represent Ministry of Agriculture & Farmer’s Welfare, Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, Ministry of Environment and Forest, Ministry of Chemical and Fertilizer, Ministry of Commerce, Indian Council of Agriculture Research, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research and State Agricultural Universities.
Locations of MPRNL Centres
Accreditation of laboratories as per ISO/IEC 17025
The 14 coordinated centres under AINP on Pesticide Residues and 30 laboratories under MPRNL scheme are accredited by National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration of Laboratories (NABL) as per ISO/IEC 17025 in the field of chemical testing, which is the third-party assessment of the quality and technical competence of the laboratories.
The residue data is submitted to Food Safety and Standards Authority of India (FSSAI) for dietary risk assessment as per OECD Guidelines and fixation of national MRLs to protect the health of the consumers. It is also shared with Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO)/ World Health Organization (WHO)/Codex Committee on Pesticide Residues (CCPR) for setting Codex MRLs (CXLs) at international level to ensure fair international trade.
Capacity building is an investment in the future sustainability of a project. It enhances the capability of the project team through creation of modern infrastructure and strengthening ability to fulfil the project mission and objectives. Efforts have been made to equip 19 pesticide residue laboratories of All India Network Project on Pesticide Residues (AINP-PR) spread across the country with modern research infrastructure. The participating laboratories have been upgraded with state-of-the-art GC/GC-MS/LC/LC-MS/MS and other equipments to undertake qualitative & quantitative analysis as well as confirmation of pesticide residues in food commodities (vegetables, fruits, cereals, pulses, spices, herbs, milk, tea, fish/marine products, egg, meat etc.) and water samples at trace level.
Human Resource Development
As a part of skill up-gradation, Project Coordinating Cell AINP-PR at IARI, New Delhi has been providing regular refresher hands-on training on pesticide residue analysis to update the knowledge and skills of the Scientists/Researchers working in the project, on the latest development in the analytical techniques.
Glimpses of training programs
Manuals/Technical Bulletins Published:
· Pesticide Residues Analysis Manual (Second edition, 2013), Publisher: Indian Council of Agricultural Research. Directorate of Knowledge Management in Agriculture, ICAR, KAB, Pusa, New Delhi (ISBN-13: 978-8171641246).
· Safe and judicious use of pesticides on tomato (2019). Technical Bulletin- PCCPRL-ICN-2/2019. All India Network Project on Pesticide Residues, ICAR-Indian Agricultural research Institute, New Delhi, India (ISBN: 978-81-7164-91-8)
· Safe and judicious use of pesticides on okra (2022). Technical Bulletin. All India Network Project on Pesticide Residues, ICAR-Indian Agricultural research Institute, New Delhi, India (ISBN: 978-81-7164-243-4)